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 Problem Statement

The volume shown below is a piece of bone cement, a project you have been working on
for 2 years. It is finally ready for mechanical analysis. To mimic one possible in vivo
condition, the material was loaded with the stresses shown. You must perform the
following analysis in order to prepare for the next round of tests.
a) What are the values of σxx, σxy, σyx, and σyy in the 2D state of stress?
b) Given values of E = 19 GPa and ν = 0.36, which are reasonable values for bone, find the
values of strain for the figure below and assume that the material is linear, elastic,
homogeneous, and isotropic.
c) In the next phase of testing the loading conditions are getting more complex. For that test,
you will be adding an additional load 28o above the horizontal. Before starting you must fully
understand the effect of the current loading conditions at that angle. For the conditions
shown, find the values of σxx’, σxy’, and σyy’ for CCW rotation about the z axis of θ = 28°.
Note, equal stress force on arrows across from each other.
 Relevant Equations

Strain x = (1/E)(sigma +v sigma y)
Shear Stress = G*shear strains
I am really stuck on part a.
For part b:
strain x = (1/19*10^9)(137000+.36*95000)
strain y =(1/19*10^9)(95000.36*137000)
Is this right?
For part c:
sigma xx'=(sigma x+sigma y)/2+(sigma x sigma y)cos(2*28)/2+sigma xy sin(s*28)
sigma yy'=(sigma x+sigma y)/2(sigma x sigma y)cos(2*28)/2sigma xy sin(2*28)
sigma xy'=(sigma xsigma y)sin(2*28)/2+sigma xy cos(2*28)
Are these equations correct?
For part b:
strain x = (1/19*10^9)(137000+.36*95000)
strain y =(1/19*10^9)(95000.36*137000)
Is this right?
For part c:
sigma xx'=(sigma x+sigma y)/2+(sigma x sigma y)cos(2*28)/2+sigma xy sin(s*28)
sigma yy'=(sigma x+sigma y)/2(sigma x sigma y)cos(2*28)/2sigma xy sin(2*28)
sigma xy'=(sigma xsigma y)sin(2*28)/2+sigma xy cos(2*28)
Are these equations correct?
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