# G-Force Displacement -- Is it possible?

• B
• Paul Nefdt
In summary, water does not displace the G-Force effect & actually to an extent increases it. It is possible to displace the G-Force effect in some way, but it is not easy.'
Paul Nefdt
Hi Guys

I was wondering if the effects of G-Forces can be displaced?? e.g if a body or object is placed in water (more like encapsulated in water) & is then subjected to tremendous acceleration very quickly, would there still be a G-Force effect on the object inside the water?

Hello Paul,

Remember Archimedes' law ?
You would have a G-force effect of the effective g minus one and a pressure effect of the effective g. I don't think I like the idea of trying it out in a centrifuge at all.

BvU said:
Hello Paul,

Remember Archimedes' law ?
You would have a G-force effect of the effective g minus one and a pressure effect of the effective g. I don't think I like the idea of trying it out in a centrifuge at all.

Hi 'ByU'

Thanks for the reply. I am not following you or perhaps just not understanding the terms you used?? Would you be so kind as to elaborate on "You would have a G-force effect of the effective g minus one"

& is the pressure you referring to, the pressure that would be created when the fluid rushes to the back (back being relative to the direction the object is moving in) of the capsule"??

I'll try to make myself a bit clearer (actually: fix a wrong answer...) :

Archimedes discovered he felt more or less weightless in the bath: the g-force is one g less than outside the water. In an environment where a 100 liter person with a mass of 100 kg pushes down with a force of mg = 100 g Newton (##F = ma## and the water pushes up with the with a force of 0.1m3 times 1000 kg/m3 times g Newton (## F = ma = \rho V g ##) the two forces add up to an almost zero net force.

Now in the centrifuge: the acceleration is no longer 9.81 m/s2 but for instance 5 times as much. So let's pick something, say ## a = 5 g = 49## m/s2. You see both forces multiply by five, so the person experiences 5g from the water alone. I.e. the G-force effect is compensated for and my answer ( 'G-force effect of the effective g minus one' ) was wrong. It will be a bit like being 50 m below see level, but the difference in pressure front and back will be five times greater to compensate ## 5 mg ## instead of ##mg##. Uncomfortable.

Fighter pilots wear g-suits to fight off unconsciousness; the early ones used water.

BvU said:
I'll try to make myself a bit clearer (actually: fix a wrong answer...) :

Archimedes discovered he felt more or less weightless in the bath: the g-force is one g less than outside the water. In an environment where a 100 liter person with a mass of 100 kg pushes down with a force of mg = 100 g Newton (##F = ma## and the water pushes up with the with a force of 0.1m3 times 1000 kg/m3 times g Newton (## F = ma = \rho V g ##) the two forces add up to an almost zero net force.

Now in the centrifuge: the acceleration is no longer 9.81 m/s2 but for instance 5 times as much. So let's pick something, say ## a = 5 g = 49## m/s2. You see both forces multiply by five, so the person experiences 5g from the water alone. I.e. the G-force effect is compensated for and my answer ( 'G-force effect of the effective g minus one' ) was wrong. It will be a bit like being 50 m below see level, but the difference in pressure front and back will be five times greater to compensate ## 5 mg ## instead of ##mg##. Uncomfortable.

Fighter pilots wear g-suits to fight off unconsciousness; the early ones used water.

Hi ByU

So basically, water does not displace the G-Force effect & actually to an extent increases it??

Also, if at all, is it even possible to displace the G-Force effect in any way??

Somehow you have to accelerate the object in question. Newton's law ##F=ma## is pretty unavoidable. The best you can do is divide the required force optimally over the body.

I don't think being submerged in water increases the G-force effect per se.

Paul Nefdt said:
if a body or object is placed in water (more like encapsulated in water) & is then subjected to tremendous acceleration very quickly, would there still be a G-Force effect on the object inside the water?
The advantage of being placed in water is that the external force that is accelerating you is spread evenly/proportionately all around your body. More supporting force where you are thicker and less where you are thinner. This reduces the stress that the body would otherwise need to withstand so as not to bend, break, bruise, squish, stretch or twist. If the body is not evenly supported, such things happen.

The ideal would be for the body to be totally submerged in a fluid that is exactly as dense as the body. This minimizes stress, but does not eliminate it. The problem is that your body is not uniformly dense. Your bonds are more dense than your flesh and the air in your lungs is much less dense. As g forces increase, stresses due to density imbalances increase. One approach that could improve things quite a bit would be to replace the air in your lungs with a fluid with a density similar to water and a good ability to contain oxygen and carbon dioxide (e.g. a PFC).

Replacing the air in the lungs also deals with differences in compressibility of air versus flesh and bone.

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jbriggs444 said:
The advantage of being placed in water is that the external force that is accelerating you is spread evenly/proportionately all around your body. More supporting force where you are thicker and less where you are thinner. This reduces the stress that the body would otherwise need to withstand so as not to bend, break, bruise, squish, stretch or twist. If the body is not evenly supported, such things happen.

The ideal would be for the body to be totally submerged in a fluid that is exactly as dense as the body. This minimizes stress, but does not eliminate it. The problem is that your body is not uniformly dense. Your bonds are more dense than your flesh and the air in your lungs is much less dense. As g forces increase, stresses due to density imbalances increase. One approach that could improve things quite a bit would be to replace the air in your lungs with a fluid with a density similar to water and a good ability to contain oxygen and carbon dioxide (e.g. a PFC).

Replacing the air in the lungs also deals with differences in compressibility of air versus flesh and bone.

Hi jbriggs444 - thanks for your reply..

Another simple question... when in space do astronauts have to deal with G-Force??

If their rocket is on, yes. Otherwise they're in free fall.

At the present time the only astronauts are those on the ISS, and in their case they have to deal with a zero g environment.

Ibix said:
If their rocket is on, yes. Otherwise they're in free fall.

Hi Ibix

Im a little bit lost here?? If there is no gravity in space, how comes there's G-Force, isn't G-Force a result of gravity?

Depends what you mean.

It isn't true to say there's no gravity in space. How do you think the Moon stays in orbit? However, if you have your engines off you are correct that you will float around feeling no force due to gravity because you are moving freely along with your spaceship. So you are (nearly) weightless in space.

However, "g-force" in the sense felt by a pilot looping-the-loop has nothing to do with gravity and everything to do with the force being exerted by the engines and wings of the aircraft. If you go round a corner in a car you'll find yourself pressed towards the wall; if you do it in a fast racing car you'll need to do strength training on your neck before you can keep your head upright. If you press the accelerator you'll feel yourself pushed back into your seat. All of this is classified as "g-force".

Similarly, the effect of a rocket engine firing is to make it feel like the back wall of the rocket has become the floor. Everything floating around in the cabin will fall towards it (or, put another way, the back wall will come forward and hit anything floating in the cabin) and, if the rocket is accelerating at 9.81ms-2 (1g) it will feel just like walking around in a room on Earth. No, it isn't gravity. But (give or take engine vibration) it's indistinguishable from gravity. So we call it g-force. And you have to deal with it whenever you fire your rockets.

Ibix said:
Depends what you mean.

It isn't true to say there's no gravity in space. How do you think the Moon stays in orbit? However, if you have your engines off you are correct that you will float around feeling no force due to gravity because you are moving freely along with your spaceship. So you are (nearly) weightless in space.

However, "g-force" in the sense felt by a pilot looping-the-loop has nothing to do with gravity and everything to do with the force being exerted by the engines and wings of the aircraft. If you go round a corner in a car you'll find yourself pressed towards the wall; if you do it in a fast racing car you'll need to do strength training on your neck before you can keep your head upright. If you press the accelerator you'll feel yourself pushed back into your seat. All of this is classified as "g-force".

Similarly, the effect of a rocket engine firing is to make it feel like the back wall of the rocket has become the floor. Everything floating around in the cabin will fall towards it (or, put another way, the back wall will come forward and hit anything floating in the cabin) and, if the rocket is accelerating at 9.81ms-2 (1g) it will feel just like walking around in a room on Earth. No, it isn't gravity. But (give or take engine vibration) it's indistinguishable from gravity. So we call it g-force. And you have to deal with it whenever you fire your rockets.

Cool understood

So what would the effect be on you if the engines are fired but you are physically tied to the ship e.g perhaps like being strapped into a harness but still floating in weightless environment, with your arms and legs strapped to the ship??

When the engines arein you aren't weightless. It would just feel like being strapped down on Earth - fine, as long as it isn't the ceiling you're strapped to. Of course, the acceleration might be less than 1g, in which case you'll feel light, or more than 1g, in which case you'll feel heavy.

Best example I can think of is a lift. You get in at the bottom and the doors close. The lift starts and you feel heavy until it reaches its maximum speed. Then you feel normal until the lift slows down, when you feel light until it comes to a stop.

Instead of the lift cables you have a rocket motor.

Ibix said:
When the engines arein you aren't weightless. It would just feel like being strapped down on Earth - fine, as long as it isn't the ceiling you're strapped to. Of course, the acceleration might be less than 1g, in which case you'll feel light, or more than 1g, in which case you'll feel heavy.

Best example I can think of is a lift. You get in at the bottom and the doors close. The lift starts and you feel heavy until it reaches its maximum speed. Then you feel normal until the lift slows down, when you feel light until it comes to a stop.

Instead of the lift cables you have a rocket motor.

So, if the speed (acceleration) is maybe 4 or 5 times '1g' one feels heavy if you would for example try to lift up your arm??

Yes. Acceleration, not speed.

Ibix
Paul Nefdt said:
isn't G-Force a result of gravity?
No. On the ISS there still have most of Earth’s gravity but feel zero g.

A.T. said:
No. On the ISS there still have most of Earth’s gravity but feel zero g.

Hhmnm interesting.

Paul Nefdt said:
Hhmnm interesting.
Do you understand why they feel 0 g ?

BvU said:
Do you understand why they feel 0 g ?

Not really, any offer from my side would be a guess..

Logic suggest's they're too far away to really feel gravity even though its still there & maybe that's because of their total mass, bearing in mind the moon is still attracted to Earth, proving the existence of Earths gravity out there..

Paul Nefdt said:
Logic suggest's they're too far away to really feel gravity
Do the math.

The Earth's gravity pulls on both the ISS and the astronaut. It pulls on both in proportion to their mass, so both fall at the same rate. No other force is required to keep the astronaut stationary relative to the ISS. The astronaut can float in place. There is no force from floor or chair required.

When you "feel" gravity or any other inertial force [e.g. the rightward force in a leftward turning car, the downward force in an jet plane pulling out of a dive or the forward force in a car coming to a quick stop] what you are doing is imagining a force that you have to compensate for to stay in place relative to your vehicle. Imagine, for instance that you are holding a bag of groceries in your lap. The force that you feel is the force that seems to be trying to pull that bag out of your grip or push it down into your lap.

In the ISS, that bag of groceries will just stay there [relative to the ISS]. No force required. So it feels weightless.

Paul Nefdt said:
Not really, any offer from my side would be a guess..
Thought so. So the exhortation
A.T. said:
Do the math.
doesn't tell you much, probably.

Point is all this 'astronautic' activity like ISS etc takes place pretty close to earth, where the attraction from the Earth's' mass is still considerable. Nevertheless these objects are in free fall: that's what makes them describe near-circular orbits around earth. To follow a circular orbit a central pulling force is needed; that's what gravity provides. Check out here and here (or in a real paper textbook !) and feel free to ask if confused.

Related, but perhaps not an answer: You know about the "bad cholesterol" and "good cholesterol" terms in the pop-med literature? They refer to 2 lipoproteins, complex particles with both lipid and protein components, present in blood serum that transport those lipids - triglycerides, phospholipids, cholesterol and cholesterol esters (particularly bad for you, those esters) - throughout the body via the bloodstream. They're technically known as High Density lipoprotein (HDL), and Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL). There's also a VLDL, Very Low Density Lipoprotein. Notice the use of 'density' in their descriptions.
These lipids are less dense than water, the proteins more so, so the percentage compositions of lipid and protein determine the densities of the particles. One way to separate them, the 'classic ' way, is called flotation centrifugation. A water solution of mixed lipoproteins and a high-density salt like sodium bromide is centrifuged at speeds in the range of 40k to 50k rpm. The salt sediments downward, forming a gradient of density increasing toward the bottom. The lipoproteins separate because - under over 140,000 g-s mind you - they float at different rates and concentrate in bands at the points in the gradient where the density of the salt solution matches their own. I like it because of the apparent paradox - Subject some molecules to extremely high g-forces and instead of sinking, they float!

## 1. What is G-force displacement?

G-force displacement is the measure of the acceleration experienced by an object, typically in reference to the force of gravity. It is often used to describe the impact or stress placed on an object during a sudden change in velocity.

## 2. Is it possible to experience G-force displacement?

Yes, it is possible to experience G-force displacement. This can occur during activities such as riding a rollercoaster, driving a car at high speeds, or flying in an airplane.

## 3. Can G-force displacement be harmful?

Yes, G-force displacement can be harmful if the acceleration is too great or sustained for too long. Extreme G-forces can cause damage to the human body, including loss of consciousness, organ damage, and even death.

## 4. How is G-force displacement measured?

G-force displacement is typically measured in units of g, which represents the acceleration due to gravity. One g is equivalent to 9.8 meters per second squared (m/s²). Instruments such as accelerometers are used to measure G-forces.

## 5. Can G-force displacement be controlled?

In some cases, G-force displacement can be controlled through the use of specialized equipment or techniques. For example, astronauts can be trained to withstand high G-forces during space shuttle launches. However, in most cases, G-force displacement is a natural result of physical forces and cannot be controlled.

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