I've seen stated in many a physics book that the general case for the speed of sound (for general equations of state p(ρ) ) is given by [tex] c^2 = \frac{\partial p}{\partial \rho} [/tex] where p is pressure and ρ is density. but I can't for the life of me figure out how on earth to derive that. I've seen tons of derivations for specific cases--gasses, solids, but not for the general case. According to wikipedia, it can be derived using classical mechanics. Can someone point me in the right direction?
the equation of state is p=p(ρ,s) thus dp = ([itex]\frac{∂p}{∂\rho}[/itex][itex])_{s}[/itex]d[itex]\rho[/itex] + ([itex]\frac{∂p}{∂s}[/itex])[itex]_{\rho}[/itex] ds I am guessing that because ([itex]\frac{∂p}{∂\rho}[/itex][itex])_{s}[/itex] has units of "velocity squared", it is looked upon as such; But why this velocity is the sonic one - beats me... Anyone?