How do electrons move in a conductor?

Thank you!In summary, when a positively charged sphere is connected to a negatively charged sphere through a conductor, the positively charged sphere will take electrons from the conductor and the conductor will experience a lack of electrons. This process will continue until the conductor reaches the same potential as the spheres. If the spheres have unequal radii, they will have unequal amounts of charge. However, the explanation is not entirely correct as the charges will not be equal in this scenario.
  • #1
erocored
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I have a positively charged sphere that is connected with a conductor to a negatively charged sphere. Positively charged sphere will take electrons from conductor. Then the end of conductor expierences lack of electrons and take them from the nearest atoms of conductor. When it gets to the other end of conductor negatively charged sphere gives electrons to this end. This is going until spheres get equal charge. Is my explanation right?
 
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  • #2
More correctly, this goes on until all conductors are at the same potential. If the spheres have unequal radii, they will have unequal amounts of charge.
 
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  • #3
kuruman said:
More correctly, this goes on until all conductors are at the same potential. If the spheres have unequal radii, they will have unequal amounts of charge.
Is everything else right?
 
  • #4
erocored said:
Is everything else right?
Yes, except for the part that the charges are equal.
 
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  • #5
kuruman said:
Yes, except for the part that the charges are equal.
Thank you!
 
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1. How do electrons move in a conductor?

Electrons move in a conductor due to the presence of an electric field. When a conductor is connected to a voltage source, the electric field causes the electrons to move from the negative terminal of the source to the positive terminal, creating a flow of current.

2. What is the role of the electrons in a conductor?

Electrons are the charge carriers in a conductor. They are negatively charged particles that are free to move within the material. When a voltage is applied, the electrons move from atom to atom, creating a flow of electricity.

3. How fast do electrons move in a conductor?

Electrons move at an average speed of about 1 millimeter per second in a conductor. This may seem slow, but due to the large number of electrons and the small distances involved, the overall current flow can be quite fast.

4. Do all electrons in a conductor move at the same speed?

No, the speed of electrons in a conductor can vary depending on the material and the conditions. In general, electrons closer to the surface of the conductor tend to move faster than those deeper inside the material.

5. What factors affect the movement of electrons in a conductor?

The movement of electrons in a conductor can be affected by factors such as the material of the conductor, the temperature, and the presence of impurities or defects in the material. Additionally, the strength and direction of the electric field and the amount of resistance in the circuit can also impact the movement of electrons.

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