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How many bits should be employed to obtain a resolution

1. Homework Statement
An A/D converter is to operate with a full-scale voltage of 10V. How many bits should be employed to obtain a resolution of 0.01%?


2. Homework Equations
Resolution = Full Scale voltage / (2N - 1)


3. The Attempt at a Solution

.01% * 10 V = .01/100 * 10 V = .001

.001 = 10 V / (2N - 1)

N = 13.2879 = 14 bits

I am just learning this stuff, but 14 bits seems high to me. I believe the mistake is in the Resolution. I am just assuming they me the resolution is .01% of the full scale voltage, this seems wrong to me.

Thanks for any help!
1. Homework Statement



2. Homework Equations



3. The Attempt at a Solution
 

SteamKing

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Science Advisor
Homework Helper
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0.01 / 100 = 0.0001 not 0.001
 
Wow, thank for the quick reply.

I know that, but don't you times it by 10 V? Isn't the units for resolution volts? I assumed when they said "resolution of 0.01%," I assumed this was .01% of the full scale voltage. Is that wrong to assume?
Should resolution just equal .0001? Then N= 16.6 = 17 bits?
 

SteamKing

Staff Emeritus
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
12,794
1,665
0.01% of anything is a pretty fine tolerance. 0.01% of 10V is 0.001 V, so the minimum number of bits would be 17, as you calculated. However, the problem statement is not clear if the 0.01% applies only at the maximum voltage. What if you want 0.01% of a 1-V reading?

Note: it's always important to carry the units thru your calculations, so that it's clear thet 0.01% of 10 V = 0.001 V
 

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