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Human Eye problem

  1. Sep 18, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A) Under optimum conditions, the smallest black dot that can be seen subtends an angle of 2.3 x 10-6 rad. If a dot is viewed at a distant of 0.25 m, the near point of a normal adult, what is the smallest diameter it can have and still be seen? B) The maximum resolution is obtained when the image falls on the fovea centralis. At 10° away from this region, the acuity is 10 times poorer. What is the minimum size spot that can be seen at that angle under these conditions?

    2. Relevant equations

    Pf = 1/xf + 1/D

    Pf = person's far point, 1/xf = distance a person sees an object, D = image distance

    Pn = 1/xn + 1/D

    Pn person's near point, 1/xn - distance a person sees an object, D = image distance

    A = Pn - Pf

    A = power of accommodation

    sin θ = 1.22 (λ/d)-power of acuity equation

    λ = wavelength, d = diameter

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I've puzzled over this problem. I'm not sure what the relevant equation would be unless I'm missing one. Any help is appreciated.
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 18, 2013 #2
    You are given a distance to the dot. The dot is essentially a small circle perpendicular to that distance. Its diameter and the distance to the eye form a right triangle. Your are also given an angle in this triangle.
  4. Sep 18, 2013 #3
    I guess I feel like I'm missing something. I'm not given a wavelength of which this object is being viewed. I otherwise say I could algebraically solve for d that way from the acuity equation. Otherwise I'm not really sure what else to consider...
  5. Sep 18, 2013 #4
    Have you drawn a diagram as per #2?
  6. Sep 18, 2013 #5
    Attached is the diagram I drew out for it. Am I thinking about it right? I honestly have no idea how to set it up as we did not cover this topic much in class...

    Attached Files:

  7. Sep 18, 2013 #6
    See my go at it.

    Attached Files:

  8. Sep 18, 2013 #7
    Oh! Ok so I took .25 m * sin (2.3 * 10^-7 ) and got d = 5.75 * 10^-7 m. Thank you!
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