# Impulse/momentum of cart rolling over a step

1. Nov 15, 2012

### knokout5

Hello everyone,

This is my first thread so thanks in advance for any help! I have been trying to figure out this problem, and though I've gotten close to an end solution (also with the help of motion analysis on Solidworks) I am not very confident.

So, in order to meet an IEC standard of a mobile cart, I am trying to figure out if a mobile cart can roll over a 10mm step threshold without tipping over going at an initial velocity of 0.8m/s. I have been basically using impulse, momentum, and energy equations from this site:

http://www.real-world-physics-problems.com/impulse-and-momentum.html

The only tick on my neck is that, all the examples I've found are of one pivot with some moment of inertia of one wheel. In my case, you have TWO pivots:
1) at the center of the wheel, whereabout the center of mass (CM) of the cart is rotating.
2) at the step/wheel contact point.

The wheel will need enough "vertical velocity" to make it over the step, but doesn't that all depend on the force at which the momentum of the CM "pulls" the wheel over the step? My CM is relatively high above the ground, so in my motion analyses I have been seeing the cart tip forward (rear wheels lifted off the floor), and then the wheel rolling over the step, and then the cart come back down. There are two things going on. Any help would be appreciated!!

-Mike

Last edited: Nov 15, 2012
2. Nov 15, 2012

### Staff: Mentor

I don't see anything in the sketch which could tip over, nor do I see a cart. Is there something missing?

3. Nov 15, 2012

### knokout5

The FBD I posted isnt of the cart, its just an example taken from the website. I was hoping my explanation would clear things up. But I here's a drawing (attached) without forces.

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4. Nov 15, 2012

### Staff: Mentor

Hmm.. if the rear wheel loses contact to the surface, torques on the front wheel (if it is powered) can become important. Otherwise, you just have more unknown parameters to determine. And the system will need a simulation, I think.

5. Nov 15, 2012

### knokout5

Yes, the rear wheel will lose contact due to the collision. And the cart is not powered, so I am trying to figure out speeds at which it will tip/go over the threshold. I guess simulation may be the best bet or an actual test.