Inertial frames of reference

  • Thread starter daveed
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how do you determine if something is a proper inertial frame of reference? the earth is but a car isnt? you can feel a car accelerate, even though you are in it, but you cant feel the earth accelerate as it changes directions in its orbit.. is there a poitn after which you don't feel accelerations much? but this is just newtonion, whats the modern view on this?
 

Tide

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An inertial frame of reference is one that is not accelerating. Just because you can't feel it doesn't mean it's not accelerating. Sitting here on the surface of the Earth we are NOT in an inertial frame since the planet is rotating and we're rotating right along with it (rotation is a form of acceleration!).
 
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Newton's first law is true in inertial frames!
 
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then you cant say anything is a proper frame.

why wouldnt we be able to feel the earth's rotation?
 

robphy

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Use an accelerometer... a cube containing a mass supported by springs. If the mass is centered, then its "reference frame" is not accelerating. To detect rotation, you might need an array of accelerometers.

(A Foucault Pendulum can detect rotation.)
 

HallsofIvy

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daveed said:
then you cant say anything is a proper frame.

why wouldnt we be able to feel the earth's rotation?
True. In a sense, the general theory of relativity is based on the concept that you can't (locally) distinguish between a force and an acceleration.

The earth's rotation has the effect of making you a little lighter than you would be if the earth were not rotating. You don't "feel" the earth's rotation for two reasons: First, it is with you all the time so you have nothing to compare it to. Second, if you were to go from the north or south pole to the equator, you would become slightly lighter but the effect would probably be too small to measure.
 

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