# Infinite Light Beams in Open Space: The Mystery of Non-Interference Explained

• roeighty
BoswellIn summary, photons do not interact with each other via the electromagnetic force, as they do not carry electric charge, color, or flavor. They also do not interact via the strong or weak forces, as they do not carry these properties either. However, there is a small probability for photons to change into electron-positron pairs and interact with each other in this way. Additionally, it is possible for a photon to interact gravitationally with another photon, but this interaction is very weak. Overall, photons do not "run into" each other or cause any interference because they do not interact with each other in any significant way.

#### roeighty

i was wondering what happens where an infinite number of lightbeams meet in one point/knot in open space or anywhere..
how come they do'nt mess up one another? is this on account of their being massless?
..anything we see, any lightbeam that reaches our eye is crossed infinite times by beams from any direction..

i could'nt surf an answer for this..

[added:] even though they're massless, there must be a reason why all the involved electromagnetic fields do'nt mess..

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Well, they are massless, so they don't exactly "run into each other".

The "Principle of Superposition."

Lots of fields, EM being one of them, obey a principle where if you add up two valid solutions you always get a third valid one. In physical terms, this means light waves pass through each other without even 'seeing' each other.

have you ever thought of the concept"anti light".anti light stays in one spot,has no mass in motion,but has rest mass.can't be seen unless your moving relavent to it.i mean as you move through them then they enter your eyes then you see things if you were in the dark and they where around you.but in order for you to see them they would have had to hit matter so the image is encoded on the anti light photon.and that only if you anti light interacts with you eyes like normal light,because its anti matter!

chosenone,

Did you read the post "read before posting"? Re; The part of not using someone else's question as an avenue for pushing non-conventional theories

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Do you mean to refer to fermions?

roeighty,

There are 4 fundamental forces in nature, and these four are the only known means by which particles interact. Photons do not carry electric charge, color, or flavor, so they cannot interact via the EM, strong, or weak forces respectively.

That leaves gravity.

In principle, photons can interact gravitationally, because in GR, all matter and energy shows up in the energy-momentum tensor, which determines the curvature of spacetime. Thus, there should be a weak gravitational interaction between photons. However, this interaction is predicted to be very weak, which is why it is not noticeable.

Photons... cannot interact via EM.
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Tom: I thought photons did exhibit electromagnetic properties. Isn't it true that when a photon stops, before it's energy goes down to 0, there is an EM chain reaction? Or have I got it all confused with something else?

Originally posted by damgo
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Heh. OK, I saw the picture, and I don't get it.

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Originally posted by MajinVegeta
Tom: I thought photons did exhibit electromagnetic properties. Isn't it true that when a photon stops, before it's energy goes down to 0, there is an EM chain reaction? Or have I got it all confused with something else?

All's I'm saying is that they don't interact with each other via the EM interaction. That's what the original question was asking.

Photons are the particles which "carry" EM interraction...

Doesn't it require two gamma rays to form an electron-positron pair (to conserve energy and momentum)? If so, wouldn't light be undergoing weak interactions?

Njorl

Well, there are some probability for photons to change, during a short time, into some pairs electron-positron, then interact, then forming back a bunch of photons. So, yes, at high energies one could consider photon-photon scattering. This effect should be noticeable higher than gravity scatter.

On other hand, there is not hardball scattering due to impenetrability, because photons are bosons, thus a pair of bosons can lie in the same state. Roeighty argument was raised first time by atomist, who called those strange particles reaching our eyes eidolons.

Well, there are some probability for photons to change, during a short time, into some pairs electron-positron, then interact, then forming back a bunch of photons. So, yes, at high energies one could consider photon-photon scattering. This effect should be noticeable higher than gravity scatter.
Yup... also happens with the photons splitting into hadrons, just the cross sections are tiny. There have been a lot of papers recently about the structure functions and cross-sections of these processes... crazy stuff.

cf http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/hep-ph/0205301
also Physics Reports 332:165-317

Originally posted by arivero
Well, there are some probability for photons to change, during a short time, into some pairs electron-positron, then interact, then forming back a bunch of photons. So, yes, at high energies one could consider photon-photon scattering.

Yes, now I remember a discussion of that in the beginning of Jackson's Classical Electrodynamics. I guess my answer was too simple, so I'll rephrase:

Photons only couple to matter currents, not to other photons.

Better?

A lot better :)

Outside of the ambit of electromagnetism one still raises a doubt, as the W+ and W- are charged bosons, a very surprising object... surely they will be able to emit photons too, but I have no checked. In any case, SU(2)xU(1) is probably out of the ambit of the original question.

Perfect...well...maybe just gravitationaly...

Feriendly tutorial

Originally posted by Njorl
Doesn't it require two gamma rays to form an electron-positron pair (to conserve energy and momentum)? If so, wouldn't light be undergoing weak interactions?

Njorl

Hi Njorl,
FYI: It takes only one gamma ray of energy exceeding 1.02 MeV that is stopped cold by massive matter to threshold electron/positron pair production. Gamma energies less than that energy produce only photoelectrons. The electron produced disappears into a sea of electrons in the stopping material while each positron mates up in three distinct ways with an electron to annihilate with it, thus becoming two or three actual singular photons of maximum individual energy of 0.511 MeV. It is noteworthy that pair-production is quantized in that a 5 Mev gamma, e.g. can peel off, one after another, in increments of energy, 1.02 MeV, up to 4 individual electron-positron pairs plus an iota of photoelectric electron creation. Cheers,

"Logic is easy when done Nature's way." Jim

## 1. What are infinite light beams in open space?

Infinite light beams in open space refer to beams of light that travel through space without any physical boundaries or limitations. They are not affected by any obstacles or objects that may be present in their path.

## 2. How do infinite light beams maintain their intensity?

Infinite light beams maintain their intensity because they do not experience interference from other light sources or objects in their path. This allows them to continue traveling with a constant and unchanging intensity.

## 3. What causes non-interference of infinite light beams in open space?

The non-interference of infinite light beams in open space is caused by the fact that light is an electromagnetic wave and does not require a medium to travel through. Therefore, it is not affected by the particles or matter present in space.

## 4. Can infinite light beams be observed or measured?

Infinite light beams cannot be observed or measured directly, as they do not interact with matter. However, their effects can be observed indirectly through their impact on objects or particles in their path.

## 5. Are infinite light beams in open space infinite in distance?

In theory, infinite light beams in open space can travel an infinite distance without losing their intensity. However, in reality, they may be affected by factors such as gravitational fields, which can cause them to bend or scatter.