# Inverse Laplace Transform(s/((s^2)+1)^2

fysiikka111

## Homework Statement

Find inverse Laplace transform of:
s/((s^2)+1)^2

## The Attempt at a Solution

(t/2)sin t
First shifting theorem or partial fractions don't work, I think. From a Laplace transforms table, sin at = a/((s^2)+(a^2)), which is almost the form that the problem is in.
Thanks

## Answers and Replies

Homework Helper
Here is something that may help, take the sin transform and differentiate it w.r.t s and what do you get?

Mat

fysiikka111
d/ds of sin transform = -2sa/(s^2+a^2)^2
This would give an inverse of the problem of:
(d/ds)-sin(t)/2
I'm not sure I did that right.

Homework Helper
Set a=-1 and what do you get?

Homework Helper
Not quite, we have:
$$\frac{1}{s^{2}+a^{2}}=\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-st}\sin atdt$$
Differentiate this w.r.t and tell me what you get?

fysiikka111
I'm getting:
1/(a-s)
with integration-by-parts twice.

Mentor
No, hunt_mat said to differentiate, not integrate.

fysiikka111
Oh, right, sorry.
(d/ds)1/(s^2+a^2)=-2s/(s^2+a^2)^2

Homework Helper
and on the RHS?

fysiikka111
RHS:
integral from 0 to infinity(-s(e^-st)sin atdt

Homework Helper
set a=-1 and what have you got?

fysiikka111
If a=-1:
-2s/(s^2+a^2)^2 = -s/(-s-1)

fysiikka111
Sorry:
-2s/(s^2+1)^2=-s/(-s-1)

Homework Helper
No, if a=-1:
$$\frac{s}{(s^{2}+1)^{2}}=\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{t}{2}e^{-st}\sin tdt$$
What does that tell you?

fysiikka111
I know then that:
L{tsin(at)/2}=s/(s^2+a^2)?
I'm not sure.

Homework Helper
Let me re-arrange the RHS:
$$\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{t\sin t}{2}e^{-st}dt$$
Does it make sense now?

fysiikka111
No, I'm sorry, I'm just not seeing it. Thanks for all your help, though.

Homework Helper
Think of it like this, you know that:
$$\frac{1}{1-x}=1+x+x^{2}+x^{3}+x^{4}+\cdots$$
Now differentiate both sides to show that:
$$\frac{1}{(1-x)^{2}}=1+2x+3x^{2}+4x^{3}+\cdots$$
and now you know the power series for $$(1-x)^{2}$$ is just by differentiating the series.

fysiikka111
So I know that differentiating both sides of the sin(at) LT will give me the square that I need in the denominator, but then I'm stuck with the d/ds on the sin side. I'm not sure what to do after this.
Thanks

Homework Helper
when you differentiate the integral you take in differentiation under the integral sign:
$$\frac{d}{ds}\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-st}\sin tdt=\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{d}{ds}\left( e^{-st}\sin t\right) dt$$
Differentiating the integrand:
$$\frac{d}{ds}e^{-st}\sin t=-te^{-st}\sin t$$
As now we regard s as variable and t is fixed. So the above can be written as:
$$(-t\sin t)e^{-st}$$
and so you're taking the Laplace transform of something different now. That something is the answer to your question. Is this making sense now?

fysiikka111
I think I got it now.
After differentiating both sides and dividing by -2:
s/(s^2+a^2)^2=L{tsin at/2}
Hence,
L-1{s/(s^2+1)^2}=tsint/2
However, how do we know that "a" isn't -1, since (-1)^2=1.

Homework Helper
well done, got there in the end.