# I Inverting the Birch-Murnaghan Equation of State

#### Polyamorph

Summary
Efficient method to compute V at given P for a non-invertible equation of state
Hello, I have the pressure ($P$)-volume ($V$) Birch-Murnaghan equation of state coeffcients $(V_{0},K_{0}, K^{'}_{0}, K^{''}_{0})$ for a number of different compositions. I'm interested in the volume at very specific pressures only and ideally I would like to compute $V$ for each composition at a given $P$. My problem is the Birch-Murnaghan equation of state cannot be inverted and yields pressure for a given volume - the opposite of what I need:
$$P=3K_{0}f_{E}(1+2f_{E})^{5/2}\left(1+\frac{3}{2}(K^{'}_{0}-4)f_{E}+\frac{3}{2}\left(K_{0}K^{''}_{0}+(K^{'}_{0}-4)(K^{'}_{0}-3)+\frac{35}{9}\right)f^{2}_{E}\right)$$
where $f_{E}=\left[(V_{0}/V)^{2/3}-1\right]/2.$

So my question is, what would be the best approach to solve $V$ as a function of $P$?

I was going to calculate $P$ versus $V$, then interpolate the result over a specific $P$ range. But I have a large number of compositions (~100 or so) all with different volumes and equation of state coefficients so this seems quite inefficient, particularly as the range of $V$ to compute $P$ will vary depending on composition

What would be an efficient approach to find $V$ for a given $P$? Am I forgetting something quite trivial?

Thanks for your help!

Related Other Physics Topics News on Phys.org

#### Charles Link

Homework Helper
Gold Member
2018 Award
I'm puzzled by the first term that contains $f_E$. ($3K_o f_E$). If $V \approx V_o$, then $f_E \approx 0$. Does this mean that $P \approx 0$? $\\$

#### Polyamorph

Does this mean that $P \approx 0$? $\\$
Thanks for your reply. Yes at V=V0 the pressure is zero (ambient pressure).

#### Charles Link

Homework Helper
Gold Member
2018 Award
What that means is the equation really reads $P=P_o+$ "what you have as $P$". $\\$ You may try doing a first order solution of $f_E$ in terms of $P-P_o$, neglecting the $f_E^2$ and higher terms. It wouldn't be the perfect solution, but it would be a start. $\\$ Alternatively, try something like $f_E=A(P-P_o)+B(P-P_o)^2+...$, and see if you can determine $A$ and $B$. ($A$ and $B$ would come from Taylor series type calculations).

Last edited:
• Polyamorph

#### David Lambert

You are "interested in the volume at very specific pressures only". So use the Newton–Raphson method.

• Polyamorph

#### Charles Link

Homework Helper
Gold Member
2018 Award
A follow-up to post 4: If $x=At+Bt^2$, if my algebra is correct, $t=\frac{x}{A}-\frac{Bx^2}{A^3}$, neglecting 3rd order and higher terms.

• Polyamorph

#### Polyamorph

You are "interested in the volume at very specific pressures only". So use the Newton–Raphson method.
I've done it this way, it works! Thanks to both of you for your help.

• Charles Link

### Want to reply to this thread?

"Inverting the Birch-Murnaghan Equation of State"

### Physics Forums Values

We Value Quality
• Topics based on mainstream science
• Proper English grammar and spelling
We Value Civility
• Positive and compassionate attitudes
• Patience while debating
We Value Productivity
• Disciplined to remain on-topic
• Recognition of own weaknesses
• Solo and co-op problem solving