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Is it possible to solve for VL in this parallel RL circuit?

  • Engineering
  • Thread starter bphysics
  • Start date
  • #1
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Homework Statement


I have the following parallel RC circuit. At time T = 0, the switch will close and the circuit will be connected. We assume that prior to T = 0, the circuit was at a steady-state.

p4CGr.png


I want to calculate VL(t) -- but I am being told that this is not possible for this problem, and would only be possible if there was an additional resistor or inductor (located where the switch is right now).

The professor and other individual who have told me this say that without this additional inductor / resistor, it is not possible to calculate VL(t) as the resistor will be shorted. This makes sense at T = 0, when the inductor will act as a short circuit, and the resistor will in-effect be shorted (as VL(0) = 0).. However, as T increases, the inductor will charge, and the voltage across the inductor will increase, until it acts as an open circuit and all current flows through R.

Therefore, I do not understand why it is not possible to solve for VL(t).

Can anyone provide clarification? I think this might just be miscommunication.

Homework Equations



The Attempt at a Solution

 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
108
1
You are confusing inductor with capacitor. A capacitor will charge as T increases, which will eventually act as an open circuit.

On the other hand, an inductor will eventually act like a short circuit (after ~5 time constants).
 
  • #3
gneill
Mentor
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If Vs is an ideal voltage source then it will produce ANY amount of current necessary to maintain its voltage. When the switch closes, node A MUST therefore become equal to Vs, and must remain equal to Vs so long as the switch remains closed.

Normally the voltage across an inductor will go to zero as a circuit heads to steady state, with other circuit components like resistors or capacitors taking up the potential drop. Here it cannot, as Vs wants to maintain the potential and there's nowhere else for a drop to occur. The current through the inductor must therefore head off to infinity to satisfy the equation Vs = L di/dt.

For real components, current will be limited by non-ideal factors like internal resistance, stray inductance, stray capacitance, dielectric breakdown, etc. Something will probably go *BANG* :smile:
 
  • #4
CWatters
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
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You can certainly write the equation as gneill suggests.

The circuit is actually close to a real world circuit called a "buck-booster" used to step up or down a DC voltage. The inductor is initially connected to the voltage source on the left and the current allowed to build up in the inductor. When that current reaches a suitable level the inductor is disconnected from the voltage source and connected to the load on the right hand side where it dumps the energy stored in it.

Drawing:
http://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fx_files/18833/3/content/html/buck_boost.png [Broken]

Explanation:
http://www.mathworks.com/matlabcentral/fileexchange/18833-configurable-simulink-model-for-dc-dc-converters-with-pwm-pi-control/content/html/ConfigurableDCConverter.html
 
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