Kirchoff's voltage law with coils

  • Thread starter bgq
  • Start date
  • #1
bgq
160
0
There is an idea that Kirchoff's voltage law could not be applied to circuit containing coils like this link.


What makes me confused is that almost all books apply Kirchoff's voltage law to RL and RLC circuit.
 
Last edited by a moderator:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
35,401
11,768
There is an idea that Kirchoff's voltage law could not be applied to circuit containing coils like this link.
You have to modify the formulas to include external changing magnetic fields, here you just have to add 1V for going around the coil once (mainly at 5:55).

What makes me confused is that almost all books apply Kirchoff's voltage law to RL and RLC circuit.
Those circuits do not have external changing magnetic fields in them. Coils as part of a circuit are not an issue as long as the circuit itself (where you do your calculations) is not used as a coil.
 
  • Like
Likes 1 person
  • #3
bgq
160
0
Thanks mfb, your comment are useful.

How can we find the value read by the voltmeter when connected to A and D measuring the voltage Va - Vd?
 
  • #4
35,401
11,768
With Kirchhoff's laws, and counting the number of windings around the magnetic field.
 
  • #5
Dale
Mentor
Insights Author
2020 Award
31,247
7,961
This is a point which is sometimes not emphasized, but all of circuit theory requires three assumptions:

1) there is no net charge on any component
2) electrical effects happen instantaneously throughout the circuit
3) there is no magnetic coupling between components

When these three assumptions are met (or at least are reasonable approximations) then Maxwell's equations simplify to the KVL and KCL. When these assumptions are violated then KVL and KCL will be wrong.

In a RL or RLC circuit there are indeed magnetic fields within the inductor, but they do not couple to the other components, so the third assumption is still valid and KVL/KCL will work fine.
 
  • Like
Likes 1 person
  • #6
bgq
160
0
With Kirchhoff's laws, and counting the number of windings around the magnetic field.

The problem here with Kirchhoff's laws is that this voltage depends on the path. We can say Vad = VR1 and we can say Vad = VR2, but each gives different results.
 
  • #7
35,401
11,768
mfb said:
With Kirchhoff's laws, and counting the number of windings around the magnetic field.
The problem here with Kirchhoff's laws is that this voltage depends on the path. We can say Vad = VR1 and we can say Vad = VR2, but each gives different results.
Don't forget the second part in the quote:
and counting the number of windings around the magnetic field.
This takes the path-dependence into account.
 
  • #8
bgq
160
0
Don't forget the second part in the quote:

This takes the path-dependence into account.

It is a single circuit, so there is only one loop, I can't see how this takes the path into considerations. Any formulas?
 
  • #9
35,401
11,768
It is a single circuit, so there is only one loop
Your voltmeter forms another loop, and it is important if the magnetic field is inside this loop.
 

Related Threads on Kirchoff's voltage law with coils

Replies
4
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
4K
  • Last Post
Replies
11
Views
4K
Replies
5
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
4K
Replies
53
Views
13K
Replies
3
Views
3K
Replies
0
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
15
Views
7K
Top