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Homework Help: Leakage resistance of capacitor theory help?

  1. Jan 13, 2010 #1
    leakage resistance of capacitor theory help??

    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    i have worked out the answer to my question, yet it seems silly so have convinced myself its wrong. Please help, or tell me if i'm being stupid if you can??

    a parallel plate capacitor Er=12, length=10mm, width=5mm, C=100pF, rho=10`14.

    calculate the leakage resistance of the capacitor?

    2. Relevant equations

    R= rho( length/area) C= (ErEo x A)/ d
    3. The attempt at a solution

    no idea. got as far as area 5 x 10`-5
    EoEr = 1.062 x 10`-10

    i just cant figure out how to get back to the capacitors leakage resistance??
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 13, 2010 #2


    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Re: leakage resistance of capacitor theory help??

    Could you please write out your full R calculation, including units along the way? Your equation for R is correct, but it will help a lot to see the calculation with units (so we don't have to guess or do the full calc).
  4. Jan 14, 2010 #3
    Re: leakage resistance of capacitor theory help??

    sorry, to clarify properly;
    the question is three part.
    a) i am given an area of SHEET material with dimensions 10mm x 20mm with rho=10`3ohm/m. i have to calculate the thickness required to give a resistance of 5kohms.
    answer; l=A(R/rho)
    l =0.01 x 0.02 x (5000/10`3)

    b) i am now given a capacitor that is formed by two parallel metal plates seperated by a dielectric of Er=12 with plates dimensions of 0.01m x 0.005m. I have to calculate the thickness of the dielectric required to create a capacitor of 100pF.
    answer; E=EoEr
    E=(8.85x10`-12) x 12
    E=1.062 x 10`-10

    (Eo is given as a general value in my notebook)

    d= EA/C
    d= (1.062x10`-12 x (0.01 x 0.005))/100x10-5
    d= 5.31x10`-5m

    c)I am now asked (this is where i am struggling),to find the leakage resistanceof A non ideal capacitor having having a 'leaky' dielectric. The values given are Er=12, rho=10`14 and C=100pF.

    I have asked my tutor for help, and she said to look at the formula used in the 2 previous answers, to work out the leakage resistance. I am struggling to do this. I think she also wants me to incorporate the answers worked out.

    Any help greatly appreciated. I am not looking for the answer, just guidance as how to get there.

    Thanks for taking the time to read.
  5. Jan 14, 2010 #4


    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Re: leakage resistance of capacitor theory help??

    The leakage resistance of the cap is just defined by the volume dimensions of the dielectric block in the cap, and the resistivity of the dielectric block. You have most of those numbers, and you just need to keep your units straight in the calcs (convert to mks throughout). To show the equation a little more clearly in latex:

    [tex]R = \rho \frac{L}{A}[/tex]
  6. Jan 14, 2010 #5
    Re: leakage resistance of capacitor theory help??

    Is this simply;

    R= 10'14 x ((5.31x10'-5)/ 0.01x0.005)

    which equals 1.062x10'14 ohms??

    This is the value I calculated first time but was not convinced?? Thanks for helping
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