Newtons first law: implications on kinetic energy

In summary, Newton's THIRD law states that the inertia of an object will do work on another object if the inertia of the greater object is greater. This law has implications on kinetic energy, which is a form of energy that is created when an object is moved.
  • #1
kmarinas86
979
1
Newton's THIRD law: implications on kinetic energy

kmarinas86 said:
For every force, F, there is an equal and opposite force, -F. If the inertia of one object is greater than that of another object, the inertia of the greater object will do work on the smaller object, pushing it a distance, d.

Fd-Fd=0

If I jump forwards (due to the electromagnetic structure of the molecules of my body), the binding energy of my constituent molecules is increased, while I produce radiation as well as kinetic energy directed at the floor. Therefore, all other things equal, I add an impluse to the Earth equal to the integral of (Force * time). Some of the kinetic energy impacts onto the Earth becomes radiation. But the radiation has a (momentum*speed of light) which we can interpret as a radiative energy, as an analog to kinetic energy (since they are transformable to each other). The change in pressure*volume would therefore correspond to my change in kinetic energy+the change in my radiation + the change in the Earth's kinetic energy + the change in Earth's radiation... Would it not?

Would then change in pressure*volume correspond to 2*Fd, or while disregarding radiative loss, twice of the change in my kinetic energy, thus, mv^2?

edit: after thinking about it a little more, I realized something. After having landed, my kinetic energy becomes what it began as (practically zero). nvm then.
 
Last edited:
Science news on Phys.org
  • #2
I lost you when you started talking about pressure*volume. Are you talking about the atmosphere? How does kinetic energy and radiation affect PV?

Also, are you suggesting that the kinetic energy of the Earth is equal to the kinetic energy of the person jumping?

AM
 
Last edited:
  • #3
Title is wrong - I should have said Newton's THIRD Law

Andrew Mason said:
I lost you when you started talking about pressure*volume. Are you talking about the atmosphere? How does kinetic energy and radiation affect PV?

No, not the atmosphere.

Well, these may have common cause. In an engine, when fuel is burned, the molecules of the fuel increase in temperature. This affect the kinetic energy of the particles and also results in radiation. The change in pressure*volume is reflected by this (see P-V diagram).

Also, are you suggesting that the kinetic energy of the Earth is equal to the kinetic energy of the person jumping?

Actually, now that I think about it, this isn't correct.

The forces on both objects may be the same at a given moment in time. But the displacement is different for each object if each object has a different mass. Therefore the change in kinetic energy will be inversely related to the mass of the particle of the two considered. If something weighs 100 more, the change in its kinetic energy over the course of the change forces will be 100 times less (due to having a equal but opposite force on it at all times but over 1% the distance... also: [itex]\Delta x = .5at^2[/itex]).

Anyways...
 
Last edited:

1. What is Newton's first law?

Newton's first law, also known as the law of inertia, states that an object at rest will remain at rest and an object in motion will remain in motion at a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force.

2. How does Newton's first law relate to kinetic energy?

According to Newton's first law, an object in motion will stay in motion unless acted upon by an external force. This means that an object with kinetic energy will continue to move at a constant velocity unless a force is applied to change its motion.

3. What are some real-world examples of Newton's first law and kinetic energy?

A common example is a ball rolling on a flat surface. The ball will continue rolling at a constant speed unless it encounters an external force, such as friction or hitting an obstacle. Another example is a car coasting on a flat road. The car will continue moving at a constant speed unless the brakes are applied.

4. How does mass affect an object's response to Newton's first law?

According to Newton's first law, an object's mass does not affect its response to an external force. However, an object with a larger mass will have a greater inertia, meaning it will be more resistant to changes in its motion.

5. Can Newton's first law be applied to objects in space?

Yes, Newton's first law can be applied to objects in space. In the vacuum of space, where there is no air resistance, an object in motion will continue moving at a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force, such as gravity or the thrust of a rocket.

Similar threads

Replies
17
Views
1K
Replies
7
Views
2K
Replies
3
Views
1K
Replies
1
Views
557
Replies
22
Views
2K
  • Classical Physics
2
Replies
61
Views
1K
Replies
16
Views
1K
  • Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
1
Views
620
Replies
5
Views
836
  • Thermodynamics
Replies
2
Views
1K
Back
Top