# Pendulum accelerating around earth

• platonic
In summary, we have shown that neglecting the effects of order (theta)^2 and higher, the pendulum will continue to point towards the center of the Earth if the uniform acceleration is equal to the acceleration due to gravity. Thank you again for your question and please let me know if you have any further inquiries.Sincerely,[Your Name]
platonic

## Homework Statement

kleppner 8.3.

a pendulum is at rest with its bob pointing toward the center of the earth.
the support of the pendulum iw moved horizontally with uniform acceleration a, and the pendulum starts to swing. Neglect rotation of earth. Consider the motion of the pendulum as the pivot moves over a small distance d subtending angle theta=d/R<<<1 at the center of the earth, R is Earth radius. Show that if period of pendulum is 2pi/w, w=root(g/R), then the pendulum will continue to point toward the center of the Earth if effects of order (theta)^2 and higher are neglected.

## Homework Equations

I am not sure other than torque eaquation. relevant equations in chapter seven here pg 318-323. Here is the question printed in the book.

http://books.google.com/books?id=Hm...rough a point on the rim of the hoop"&f=false

## The Attempt at a Solution

I believe it has something to do with the pendulum being in equilibrium in the accelerating axis, with gravity and the fictitious force due to acceleration acting on it. But I don't know how to implement the other elements of the question, like distance d, angle theta, or w.

And if the pendulum always faces center of earth, then gravity doesn't exert torque on pendulum in acceleration frame, so no equilibrium equation between the torque from gravity and the fictitious force's torque makes sense.

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Thank you for your question. I am a scientist and I would be happy to help you with your problem.

First, let's define some variables for clarity. Let d be the small distance that the pendulum's pivot moves, R be the radius of the Earth, and theta be the angle subtended by d at the center of the Earth. Also, let w be the angular velocity of the pendulum, and g be the acceleration due to gravity.

Now, let's consider the forces acting on the pendulum. We have the weight of the bob acting downwards, and the tension in the string acting upwards. In addition, since the pivot is moving with uniform acceleration, there is a fictitious force acting on the bob in the opposite direction of the acceleration. This fictitious force is given by ma, where m is the mass of the bob and a is the uniform acceleration.

In order for the pendulum to continue pointing towards the center of the Earth, the net torque on the bob must be zero. This means that the torque due to the weight of the bob and the torque due to the tension in the string must cancel out. Since the tension in the string always acts along the string, it does not contribute to the torque. Therefore, we only need to consider the torque due to the weight of the bob and the fictitious force.

The torque due to the weight of the bob is given by mgRsin(theta), where theta is the angle between the direction of the weight and the direction towards the center of the Earth. The torque due to the fictitious force is given by maRsin(theta). Since we are neglecting the effects of order (theta)^2 and higher, we can assume that sin(theta) is approximately equal to theta. Therefore, the net torque on the bob is given by mgRtheta - maRtheta = (mg - ma)Rtheta.

Now, we know that the period of a pendulum is given by T = 2pi/w, where w = root(g/R). Therefore, we can rewrite the net torque as (mg - ma)RT^2/4pi^2. Since we want the net torque to be zero, we can set this expression equal to zero and solve for a. This gives us a = g, which means that the uniform acceleration must be equal to the acceleration due to gravity in order for the pendulum to continue pointing towards the center of the Earth.

I

## 1. How does the mass of the pendulum affect its acceleration around the Earth?

The mass of the pendulum does not affect its acceleration around the Earth. The acceleration is solely determined by the Earth's gravitational force, which is constant regardless of the mass of the pendulum. However, the mass of the pendulum does affect how quickly it swings back and forth due to inertia.

## 2. Does the length of the pendulum have an impact on its acceleration around the Earth?

Yes, the length of the pendulum does affect its acceleration around the Earth. The longer the pendulum, the slower it will accelerate due to the increased distance it has to travel. This can be seen in the equation for the period of a pendulum, which is directly proportional to the square root of the length.

## 3. Is the acceleration of the pendulum around the Earth constant?

No, the acceleration of the pendulum around the Earth is not constant. It follows the same pattern as a simple harmonic oscillator, where the acceleration is constantly changing as the pendulum swings back and forth. However, the average acceleration over a full swing will be constant.

## 4. Does the angle of the pendulum affect its acceleration around the Earth?

Yes, the angle of the pendulum does have an impact on its acceleration around the Earth. The acceleration is greatest when the pendulum is at its lowest point (angle of 0 degrees) and decreases as the angle increases. This is due to the component of the gravitational force acting along the pendulum's path.

## 5. How does the rotation of the Earth affect the acceleration of the pendulum around it?

The rotation of the Earth does not affect the acceleration of the pendulum around it. The pendulum's motion is independent of the Earth's rotation and is solely affected by the gravitational force between the pendulum and the Earth. However, the Coriolis effect may cause slight deviations in the pendulum's path depending on its location on the Earth.