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Please help designing a specific electromagnet

  1. Jul 25, 2014 #1
    [/ATTACH][/ATTACH]I need some help designing my electromagnet because Im a bit lost with it
    I need to work out the guage of the wire to be used,
    the resistance of the wire needs to match the battery's internal resistance for max power transfer
    I need to work out the most amount of turns i can have
    I need to work out how much inductance this coil has to then work out the time constant for that coil
    this time constant MUST be below 0.0008 seconds and above 0.0007s for the purposes of my build
    I have a few equations that i think may help and i think im almost there but i just cant work it out

    heres what i have if more info is needed for anything just tell me and i will find it thanks again for any help its really appreciated thanks alot in advance

    B * gap = Mu * N * I

    B is in Tesla (10,000 gauss)
    gap is in meters (This is the opening of the "C ".)
    Mu = 4π * 10-7
    N is an integer equal to the number of turns in your coil
    I is the current in Amps

    Another famous law, called Ohms law, tells you the relationship between amps, volts and resistance.

    Volts = Amps * resistance (measured in Ohms)

    Your coil should be made so it has a voltage drop equal to what your battery can put out at the best rate of discharge. A piece of copper has resistance which can be determined form the following formula.

    Resistance = Rho * L / A

    Resistance is in Ohms
    Rho is a constant for each metal and for copper it is 1.6*10-6 ohm-centimeters
    L is the length of the wire used in centimeters
    A is the cross section area of the copper wire in centimeters squared

    here is an inductance calculator for sqaure loop http://www.technick.net/public/code/cp_dpage.php?aiocp_dp=util_inductance_calculator

    I also have this picture but it isnt very clear to me and i have drawn a diagram to show the dimentions of the core

    Attached Files:

    Last edited: Jul 25, 2014
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 26, 2014 #2
    also ive worked out abit more i need 500 turns with a resistance of 290 ohms how do i work out the gauge and length of the wire?
  4. Jul 31, 2014 #3
    You have two equations and two unknowns; L , A. Should be basic algebra.

    R = rho * L / A
    L = 500 * "circumference of one turn" <---- given by geometry of your coil/core
  5. Aug 1, 2014 #4
    THANKS FOR THE QUICK RELPY my core is 8 centimeters in circumfrence and it is square does it matter i also have another equation L= N^2*uAl / l
    L = inductance
    N = number of turns
    u = absolute permeability of core material
    A cross sectional area in meters
    l = average length of coil in meters

    how do i work out the gauge of the wire
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