# Pressure Switch to Diaphragm Flow Switch

• Secan
In summary, the diaphragm flow switch's operation many engineers are not familiar with is that when there is no water flow, the pressure will be a maximum, but when the shower-head is on and there's flow, the pressure here will drop.
Secan
I recently came across a Diaphragm flow switch whose operation many engineers are not familiar with.

First. Supposedly in a normal pressure switch. The pressure will be a maximum when there's no flow, precisely because at zero flow there is no pressure drop anywhere in the system, so the pressure here will be full mains pressure. When the shower-head is on and there's flow, the pressure here will drop.

But in the diaphragm flow switch. It's the opposite. What is in the design in the diaphragm flow switch such that when there is no flow (pressure maximum), pressure won't push the pin. The pin will only extend when there is flow. Let's get back to basic first.

This is the schematic of a pressure switch.

What would happen if the inlet tube is made narrow? Would the pressure still the same given the source has the same pressure? Or would the pressure in the inlet be lesser?

Now supposed you create another hole at the right side of it or an outlet causing a water flow.

What will happen? The piston will move if there is water flow. But if the 2nd hole or outlet is blocked. Will the piston still move from the perhaps poorer pressure?

In an actual device I encountered. The diaphragm no longer move if there is no water flow. Even if the pressure of the source is the same. Somehow it converts pressure right at that junction into velocity via the Bernoulli principle? i haven't seen this explained elsewhere and just want to confirm.

I want to understand the theoretical side of it.

To illustrate the above. In the following youtube video you can see the pin of the flow switch diaphragm extended when the faucet is flowing (the valve is after the flow or pressure switch) and pin returns when faucet is closed (but pressure maximum since there is supposedly no pressure drop).

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• pressure switch 1.jpg
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Ok, i'll start from the beginning. I have this water heater where it needs stronger water flow to turn on. Other brand of heater requires only a few volume of water. I have already replaced it with a new one. And open it up to learn some new physics principle. Don't worry, i won't use the product again as it's already tempered so will just keep it as collection.

Whenever there is water flow, the white thing has this pin that pushes on the switch which turns on the heater. The control valve or faucet is in the outlet on the left. But here is the thing. When valve or faucet turns off in the outlet the full water main is still connected to the white thing. So it is at maximum pressure the rest of time. Yet it doesn't trigger the diaphragm, only with water flow. The mystery is why.

Since I'll no longer use the water heater and bought a new one. I took it apart. Here is inside the white thing.

more details

Pink label shows the water flow path inside.
Here is video showing strong water flow inside.

Here is separate video illustration showing that when there is flow, pin extends. When no flow yet main water on and pressure maximum, diaphragm doesn't extend or pin doesn't move.

You are familiar with a normal pressure switch that looks like, isn't it (see first message).Supposedly in a normal pressure switch. The pressure will be a maximum when there's no flow, precisely because at zero flow there is no pressure drop anywhere in the system, so the pressure here will be full mains pressure, and the piston or diaphragm or pin will extend. When the shower-head is on and there's flow, the pressure here will drop.

But in this flow switch diaphragm. It's the opposite. What is in the design in the diaphragm such that when there is no flow (pressure maximum), pressure won't push the pin. The pin will only extend when there is flow.

Some kind of Bernoulli principle, etc.

Here is the theory. Pls correct if wrong or right.

Diaphragm can be designed either sensitive to velocity of the water flow or static pressure. But here is what is confusing. Bernoulli principle can convert pressure to velocity based of laws of conservation of energy. But the source or main pressure is the same. So does it make sense for some diaphragm to respond to flow velocity only and not pressure? What another principle i missed that can make the actual device only move the diaphragm with water flow and not with pressure? (both from same source and same original source pressure)

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Well i think the key to understanding it is via fluid mechanics esp. Hydraulics and Bernoulli principle. Imagine a very big diaphragm in the left. Since only small area touch it. Force is small. And if there is a flow. Velocity is large while pressure is small. So i guess velocity from flow can push the diaphragm that the pressure can't.

Anyway my diaphragm flow switch is ruined because when i tried to screw it. The plastic threads got destroyed. Should have used my torque screwdriver.

Besides it. Checking the whole world wide web. There is one another product using the same principle.

https://www.dhsspares.co.uk/product/potterton-10-18676-diaphragm-flow-switch.-1120050

"Product Information: This part is located around the flow switch section. The flow switch acts as a safety mechanism. It is a switch with an in-built sensor that sits in the pipework for both the domestic hot water and heating systems. When the pump is powered up, the flow switches senses this movement and feeds the information back to the electronic control, allowing the ignition sequence to progress. The flow switches purpose is to make sure that the burner cannot switch on if the system is dry or low on water."

I don't know why no other products use this and many engineers not familar with it. If you have idea. Let me know.

Just to share. This is my new tankless water heater and note the very small flow switch shown in green arrow at bottom. This is the normal elsewhere compared to the big white one in my broken unit. I guess its vintage so kept it for collection.

## 1. What is a pressure switch to diaphragm flow switch?

A pressure switch to diaphragm flow switch is a type of flow switch that uses a diaphragm to sense changes in pressure and trigger a switch to turn on or off a flow of liquid or gas. This type of flow switch is commonly used in industrial and commercial applications to monitor and control fluid flow.

## 2. How does a pressure switch to diaphragm flow switch work?

The diaphragm in a pressure switch to diaphragm flow switch is connected to a switch mechanism. When the pressure in the system changes, the diaphragm flexes and activates the switch, which then turns on or off the flow of liquid or gas. The pressure at which the switch is triggered can be adjusted to meet the specific needs of the application.

## 3. What are the advantages of using a pressure switch to diaphragm flow switch?

One of the main advantages of this type of flow switch is its reliability. The diaphragm is a simple and durable mechanism that is less prone to wear and tear compared to other types of flow switches. Additionally, the pressure switch to diaphragm flow switch can be easily adjusted and calibrated for different pressure ranges, making it versatile for various applications.

## 4. What are the common applications of a pressure switch to diaphragm flow switch?

Pressure switch to diaphragm flow switches are commonly used in industries such as oil and gas, water treatment, chemical processing, and HVAC systems. They are also used in household appliances such as washing machines and dishwashers to monitor water flow and prevent flooding.

## 5. How do I choose the right pressure switch to diaphragm flow switch for my application?

When selecting a pressure switch to diaphragm flow switch, it is important to consider factors such as the type of fluid being monitored, the pressure range required, and the flow rate. It is also essential to ensure that the switch is compatible with the system's electrical requirements and can withstand the environmental conditions of the application.

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