Suppose you have a formal proof of a statement S, but you want to prove a statement S' which is in some way similar to S. The question is, how might a computer slightly alter the proof of S in such a way that it becomes a proof of S'?(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

Here's an example (using v for disjunction, n for conjunction). Skip it if you find it tedious.

Now suppose that instead of S = ((A v B) n C) -> (((A v B) v (A v B)) n C), we wanted to prove S' = (~(A n B) n C) -> (((~A v ~B) v D) n C). This could be done as follows:Code (Text):

1. (A v B) n C (assume.)

| 2. (A v B) (1, conjunction elimination)

| 3. (A v B) v (A v B) (2, disjunction introduction)

| 4. C (1, conjunction elimination)

| 5. ((A v B) v (A v B)) n C (3,4, conjunction introduction)

6. ((A v B) n C) -> (((A v B) v (A v B)) n C) (1,5,conditional proof)

The proof for S' has been derived from the proof for S, by replacing the premise (A v B) n C with the premise ~(A n B) n C, applying DeMorgan's rule after step 2, and introducing D instead of (A v B) in the disjunction introduction.Code (Text):

1. ~(A n B) n C (assume.)

| 2. ~(A n B) (1, conjunction elimination)

| 3. ~A v ~B (2, DeMorgan)

| 4. (~A v ~B) v D (3, disjunction introduction)

| 5. C (1, conjunction elimination)

| 6. ((~A v ~B) v D) n C (4,5, conjunction introduction)

7. (~(A n B) n C) -> (((~A v ~B) v D) n C) (1,6,conditional proof)

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# Proof Alteration

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