Proving Rotational K.E. Formula?

  1. The total kinetic energy (as viewed from one inertial frame) of a free, rigid body is the sum of all the infinitesimal kinetic energies of the components that comprise the body.


    How do we prove that for a rotating body

    [tex]E_k=\frac{1}{2}\left(M_{T} v_{c}^{2} + I_{c} ω^{2}\right)[/tex]
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Chegg
    Where MT stands for the total mass of all the infinitesmal components combined.
     
  4. mfb

    Staff: Mentor

    Integrate ##\int \frac{1}{2}v^2 \rho dV## (in other words, kinetic energy = 1/2m^2 for all infinitesimal m) and split v into components from translation and rotation and you will get the correct result.
     
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