I'm trying to design my first switching regulator circuit. I require three voltage rails, 5V, 3.3V and 1.8V. But to get started, I'm just focusing on 1.8V. I've decided to use the LT3507 as it seems to be commonly available here. It also has 3 buck regulator outputs, so it's a one-chip solution for me.(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

http://www.linear.com/docs/Datasheet/3507fa.pdf [Broken]

However, as I'm new to this, I struggling a bit with calculating the upper frequency limits fmax1 and fmax2. Please see page 10 for the formulas used to derive fmax1 and fmax2. For them, I need to determine Vin(ps), Vout (=1.8V), Vf(=0.4V), Vsw(=0.3V) and I need to know ton(min) which is 130ns, as given in the datasheet.

OK, to determine Vin(ps) seems easy enough. I just need DC(min) which is

[itex]t_{ON(MIN)} \times f_{sw} = 130ns \times 450kHz = 0.0585[/itex]

I assume fsw is the switching frequency I'll work at. Let's take 450kHz as an example. If that's the case, then DC(min) is just 0.0585. The expression for Vin(ps) is:

[itex]\frac{V_{out} + Vf}{DC_{min}} - V_{f} + V_{SW} = \frac{1.8 + 0.4}{0.0585} - 0.4 + 0.3 = 37.506V[/itex]

If I understand Pulse-Skipping correctly, if I exceed the above voltage then pulse-skipping will kick in to make sure the output voltage doesn't exceed 1.8V.

To compute fmax1, I subs. the above into:

[itex]\frac{V_{out} + V_{f}}{V_{IN(PS)} - V_{SW} + V_{F}} \times \frac{1}{t_{on(min)}}= \frac{1.8 + 0.4}{37.5 - 0.3 + 0.4} \times \frac{1}{130ns} = 450kHz[/itex]

No matter what I do, my fmax1 always computes to be equal to fsw that I chose above. Why is this? I've used Excel and I've done it on paper and I get the same result.

I feel like I'm missing something basic and I would really appreciate some help with this. I don't really have a co-worker that I could ask and so the web is the only place I can ask. Googling this doesn't seem to return much.

If the above result is correct, then what does it imply? The datasheet states

fMAX1 is the frequency at which the minimum duty cycle is exceeded. The regulator will skip ON pulses in order to reduce the overall duty cycle at frequencies above fMAX1. It will continue to regulate but with increased inductor current and greatly increased output ripple. The increased peak inductor current in pulse-skipping will also stress the switch transistor at high voltages and high switching frequency. If the LT3507 is allowed to pulse-skip and the input voltage is greater than 20V, then the switching frequency must be kept below 1.1MHz to prevent damage to the LT3507.

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# Pulse Skipping - Calculating Frequency Limits

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