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background information is that I have been working on code for a rocket launch to the ISS and I have gotten it close. The problem is when calculating the Force of drag, the problem occurs with it. As entering space, and for this "model" were going to say that temperature is 0 K in space or basically just out of the atmosphere. Obviously absolute 0 isn't possible, but perhaps that would be a simple solution to the problem. When entering space, T= 0 K, and there isn't any air, well not in the "model". So since there isn't any air then there wouldn't be any drag force. I did the calculation for my formula and at y= 44307.69 m, the rocket leaves the atmosphere. the equations I use for temperature is T=Tz - L*y where Tz is the Temperature at time 0, L is temperature lapse rate (assuming linear as y increases) of value 0.0065 K/m, and y is height in m.

Next, is the pressure, and as you know as y increases pressure should also go down. Now as leaving the atmosphere there should not be any pressure. This formula is P= Pnot * (T/Tz)^((g*M)/(R*L)); where Pnot is pressure @ y=0 or 101 kPa, T=current temperature, Tz= Temp @ y=0 (288K), g=gravity (which uses another formula but I have that one working correctly), M= molar mass of air value of 0.02896 kg/Mole, R=8.314 J/K*M, and L is the temperature lapse rate again.

Anyways this is a lot of information obviously, and my question is how to get the force of drag to stop at that y= 44307.69 m, and then keep calculating in the while loop for the computer program. also using the Euler method, in the python language.

Trying to get it to go to the ISS and then come back to earth.

Any help would be appreciated. Thanks.

COPY OF THE CODE ATTACHED BELOW

Next, is the pressure, and as you know as y increases pressure should also go down. Now as leaving the atmosphere there should not be any pressure. This formula is P= Pnot * (T/Tz)^((g*M)/(R*L)); where Pnot is pressure @ y=0 or 101 kPa, T=current temperature, Tz= Temp @ y=0 (288K), g=gravity (which uses another formula but I have that one working correctly), M= molar mass of air value of 0.02896 kg/Mole, R=8.314 J/K*M, and L is the temperature lapse rate again.

Anyways this is a lot of information obviously, and my question is how to get the force of drag to stop at that y= 44307.69 m, and then keep calculating in the while loop for the computer program. also using the Euler method, in the python language.

Trying to get it to go to the ISS and then come back to earth.

Any help would be appreciated. Thanks.

COPY OF THE CODE ATTACHED BELOW

Code:

```
from __future__ import division, print_function
from pylab import *
from scipy.interpolate import interp1d
dt= 0.01 #seconds, the timestep
t= 0.0 #seconds, initial time
yfinal= 355000.0 #m, =355km how far up the ISS is traveling
y= 0.0 #m at ground level
v= 0.0 #m/s initial speed
pay= 5000.0 #kg
me= 10000.0 #kg, empty mass with NO fuel or payload
gas= 10000.0 #kg of rocket fuel, 10,000 is max fuel
m= 20000.0 #kg ###+ pay #total mass, empty rocket, fuel, and payload
Em= 10000.0
Ev= 7000.0 #m/s exhaust velocity
Br= 100.0 #kg/s burn rate of the fuel
A= 10.0 #m**2 Reference or cross sectional area
Cd= 0.5 #drag coefficient
gs=9.8 #m/s**2 initial gravity at the earths surface
Vex= 7000.0 #m/s exit velocity of the fuel being ejected out
Ft= Br * Vex #force of thrust, acceleration upward
a=0.0
nogas = gas/Br #the point at which the rocket runs out of gas
Re= 6378100.0 #meters radius of the earth
g= 0.0
rho= 0.0
R= 8.314 #Joules/Kelvin*Mole
M= 0.02896 #kg/mole
T= 288.0
Pz=101000.0 #Pascal Pressure at time 0
Tz= 288.0 #Kelvin Tempature at time 0. Aprox. 14.85 Celsius
L= 0.0065 #Kelvin/meter "Tempature lapse rate"
P= 101000.0 #Pressure in Pascal
Fd= 0.0
Fg= 196000
#initial array values
tArray = array([t])
yArray = array([y])
vArray = array([v])
aArray= array([a])
gArray= array([g])
mArray= array([m])
FtArray= array([Ft])
FdArray = array([Fd])
FgArray= array([Fg])
TArray = array([T])
rhoArray= array([rho])
PArray = array([P])
RArray= array([R])
MArray= array([M])
#calculations for arrays
#if y<=44307.69231:
# break(T)
while (y<=yfinal):# and (T>=0):# and (P>=10100): # and (nogas>=t):
t= t + dt #increments TIME
gas= gas - Br*dt
m = Em + gas
Ft= Br * Vex
T= Tz - (L*y)#*dt
g= (gs/((1+y/Re)**2))
P= Pz*((abs(T/Tz))**((g*M)/(R*L)))
rho= (P*M)/(R*T) #*dt
if(T < 0):
Fd= 0
Fd= .5*rho*A*Cd*v*abs(v)
Fg= (m)*g
a=(-Fg-Fd+Ft)/m
y= y + v*dt #increments HEIGHT
v= v + a*dt #increments VELOCITY
yArray = append(yArray, y) #fills in height array
vArray = append(vArray, v)#fills in velocity array
tArray = append(tArray, t)#fills in time array
aArray = append(aArray, a)
gArray = append(gArray, g)
mArray = append(mArray, m)
FtArray= append(FtArray, Ft)
FgArray= append(FgArray, Fg)
FdArray= append(FdArray, Fd)
TArray = append(TArray, T)
rhoArray= append(rhoArray, rho)
PArray = append(PArray, P)
RArray = append(RArray, R)
MArray= append(MArray, M)
print("time", t, "secs", '\t', "height", y, "m", '\t', 'velocity', v, "m/s")
print(aArray)
```

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