1. ### DV Calculation clarification (rocket booster)

When calculating the dV available from a rocket booster, the below calculation is used: (ISP . g) . ln(Mass when full/Mass when empty) Is 'g' always equal to 9.81 in this equation, or do you use the actual gravitational acceleration that the booster will experience, at it's given altitude, to...
2. ### A rocket and its gas exhaust velocity

This isn't right, is it? -\dfrac{GM}{R}+\dfrac12 v^2=-\dfrac{GM}{R+h} v=\sqrt{\dfrac{GM}{R}}\left( 1-\sqrt{\dfrac{R}{R+h}}\right) He's doing energy conservation. The mechanical energy at the Earth's surface is equal to the energy when the speed is 0.
3. ### B Is there an analytical solution to this equation?

So i've derived the rocket equation in empty space and with constant gravity. Now im interested in adding air resistance. I'm aware that there are 2 different models as if 0<Re<1 then F_drag=k*v and if 1000<Re<30000 then F_drag=1/2*A*rho*CD*v^2. And for my purpose the second model is most...
4. ### B Bernoulli's Equation and water rockets

So i'm playing around with some water rockets and I'm trying to figure out how fast the exhaust velocity of the water is. I've had an experimental approach using high fps camera to record and analyse (using tracker) the exhaust velocity. I'm using a 0,5 l soda bottle with 0,085 L ; 0,135 ; L...
5. ### How to model a rocket equation from the derivative of momentum?

I am using the derivative of momentum (dp/dt) with Newton’s 3rd Law with the gravitational force of Earth. F - [Force of gravity on rocket] = dp/dt F - (G * m_e * m_r / r2 ) = v * dm/dt + ma F = Force created by fuel (at time t) G = Gravitational Constant m_e = Mass of Earth m_r = Mass of...
6. ### Solving the Rocket Pendulum Fallacy?

I have been researching the rocket pendulum fallacy and have gotten into some spirited debate on the subject. If I understand correctly... 1. if the thrust is perfectly in line with the centerline (and no outside forces act on the craft other than gravity) it does not matter where the source...
7. ### Solving a Second-Order Nonlinear Differential Equation

Homework Statement Hi, I'm trying to calculate the formula for the position vs. time of a rocket landing from an altitude of 100km. I'm neglecting a lot of forces for simplification but basically, I want to solve ##F_{net} = Drag - mg##. Homework Equations Drag Force: D = ## \frac {C_dAρv^2}...
8. ### Rocket equation without infinite small variables

Hey, I'm tutor for theoretical physics for first year students and I found a question that I couldn't answer so far. It's about the rocket equation. I tried to derive the acceleration without using infinite small variables, but somehow there is one term left that shouldn't be there. In the...
9. ### Find the initial velocity of a water rocket (mass changes)

Homework Statement Find the initial velocity of the boost phase (when water is coming out). Here is everything I know - Mass of rocket with no water is 0.13kg, mass of rocket with water is 1.1kg. The total length of the rocket is 0.48m. The time to the maximum point is 3.46 seconds, and total...
10. ### Forces - Space Shuttle Takeoff Calculations

Homework Statement [/B] The total mass of a space shuttle and its launch vehicle is M=2000t. a) What must be the minimum size of the thrust force, to make the rocket move? b) The actual thrust of the rocket is F=30MN. What is its acceleration in the beginning? c) Assume that a mass of a...
11. ### I Multistage continuous Rocket Eqn

So if you have a rocket lets say that discards all the structural and engine mass continuously at zero velocity that is relative to the rocket until only the payload is traveling at the final velocity - then what will the equation of motion will look like? we can neglect the drag and...
12. ### Why are rockets tethered before takeoff

Hi there, Recently i was watching some rocket launches and was wondering why they are tethered before takeoff, after some searching i found out that they are used to keep a constant supply of fuel to replace the part that boils off. But is there any other uses for such tethers?
13. ### I Rocket-Jet Hybrid, Rocket + Ramjet

I read that a thrust augmentor can significantly increase the efficiency of a jet engine (http://www.pulse-jets.com/phpbb3/viewtopic.php?t=931). Now from my understanding, the thrust agumentor is sort of like a ramjet. Only, in this case, the cold air is being sucked in along with the hot air...
14. ### I ##F=\dot{p}=\dot{m}v+m\dot{v}## and Galilean invariance

Hi. In Newtonian physics, total mass is conserved, but open systems can obviously gain or lose mass, such as a rocket. But how can the term ##\dot{m}v## be Galilean invariant?
15. ### I Fission source as "rocket"

Looking at a humble smoke detector - a metal plate with some alpha source on one side. I guess the fission products / apha etc emitted in one direction are absorbed into the metal, and the opposite direction go into space. So there should be a minute net force ? Would that be useful as a "sail"...
16. ### B Relative velocity of exhaust in Ideal Rocket Equation

In this derivation of the Ideal Rocket Equation (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsiolkovsky_rocket_equation#Most_popular_derivation), they use the fact that ##V_e = V - v_e##, or that the velocity of the exhaust in the observer frame ##V_e## is the velocity of the rocket ##V## minus the speed of...
17. ### I Why do rockets turn horizontally so soon after launch?

My 12 year old asked me this question. I have a MS in Mechanical Engineering, so I can usually answer his physics questions, but this one stumped me. When lifting off, why do most rockets turn close to horizontal almost immediately? Of course we know they need mostly horizontal speed to...
18. ### NASA [NASA] Cosmological projects instead of space exploration

NASA decided to stop *WFIRST and concentrate on Mars project (send humans to Mars). What do you think about it? In my opinion, since a lot of ventures have begun space developments such as SpaceX and this proves that rockets make money, NASA should tackle WFIRST. Generally, we cannot earn...
19. ### What makes rockets expensive?

Rockets are quite expensive and it takes about 2000 to 10000 dollars to place 1 pound into orbit. So I was wondering: Is the size or the fuel mass of a rocket a big concern or will it be of no help economically if we make smaller rockets with less fuel mass for the same amount of payload...
20. ### Rockets approach: time they meet w.r.t. rocket A?

This is an IB problem from November 2017. Two rockets are separated by 6E8m (2 sec x c, or two light-seconds), w.r.t. Earth, and are approaching Earth from opposite directions. Rocket A approaches from left at 0.6c. Rocket B approaches form right at 0.4c. According to Earth, when do they...
21. ### Maximum pressure for a combustion chamber

Greetings All! I am not sure if this is the correct place to post this, but I think that since rocket fuel is considered a chemical reaction, this sections seems appropriate. Right, to the topic. Me and my team from the spaceflight society are looking forward to building a hybrid rocket fuelled...
22. J

### Height From Hangtime

Homework Statement We are doing water rockets and I don't know how to calculate the height it went from it's hang time. It's total hang time was 7.35 seconds, and I know it's vertical acceleration was -9.8m/s^2 from gravity, and I'm assuming I need to first find out it's initial velocity, since...
23. D

### Finding the Coefficient of Drag for Partial Parachutes

Hey Guys, I'm on a rocket team at my university and we are attempting to figure out the force of opening acting on some of our parachutes. Typically this is done using the following equations, in particular, the one in the top right corner. This is where our trouble begins. In the Recovery...
24. ### B Supersonic rockets

if you and your friend ride a supersonic rocket , do you can listen to your friend voice ? I mean if you travel faster than sound will you can hear anything ,It's difficult to imagine. And thanks so much,
25. B

### A rocket on a cart is fired to go through a hoop

Homework Statement A 300 g rocket is on a cart that is rolling to the right at a speed of 2 m/s. The rocket engine, when it is fired, exerts an 6 N thrust on the rocket. Your goal is to have the rocket pass through a small horizontal hoop that is 18 m above the launch point. At what horizontal...
26. ### Launching a rocket from high altitude

I have a project where I will be launching a rocket from a high altitude weather balloon. I am planning on launching the rocket at around 70Km or even higher. My main concern is the igniter not being able to ignite the engine because of the low amount of oxygen. Is there any way around this...
27. ### B How do rockets propel themselves up?

Well, first thing, I am new to this forum and it looks pretty good and I'm looking forward to reading more from it and post more questions. Well rocket propeling (or anything that uses some material to propel up when shooting it down) seems pretty straight forward at first, you have some gas...
28. ### Magnetic assisted rocket engine

Hello everybody! I have been thinking about something for a while now. I would like to make a magnetic nozzle for a rocket engine. Basically, I would like to ionize the hot and high pressure gaz in the combustion chamber and then use a strong magnetic field to adjust the nozzle throat...
29. ### Simple Water Rocket

I'm going to make a water propelled pop bottle rocket for a competition. The bottle holds 1.5 liters and we are going to fill some amount of it with water and pressurize it to 75 psi. When triggered, water will come out of the hole in the cap and propel the rocket. The rocket is perfectly...
30. ### Need help finding energy for escape velocity

Homework Statement The gravitational potential energy of a certain rocket at the surface of the Earth is -1.9x10^12 J. The gravitational potential energy of the same rocket 300km above the Earth's surface is -1.8x10^12 J. Assume the mass of the rocket is constant for this problem. A) How much...