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Rate of evaporation and steam tables

  1. Mar 20, 2013 #1
    Looking at the steam table below, if I understand things correctly, it will take 419kJ to bring a kg of water to the boil at 100°C and a further 2257kJ to turn all of that boiling water into steam.

    I assume that would have to be in an open boiler, as the pressure inside of a closed vessel would increase, in turn increasing the boiling point of the water.

    But in the simple case of an open boiler, does the rate of steam generation (as in kg/s or m3/s) remain constant during the time it takes to boil away that water?

    From the table, I would deduce that 210kJ would bring 0.5kg of water to the boil and a further 1128kJ would evaporate all of it, but does that mean 1128kJ would evaporate half of 1kg of boiling water?

    Last edited: Mar 20, 2013
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 21, 2013 #2
    The amount of heat required to raise water to its boiling point depends on the starting temperature. The value you gave is for water starting out at 0 C. Once you reach the boiling point, the rate of steam generation is constant if the rate at which you are supplying heat to the boiler is held constant. Otherwise, it will vary in proportion to the rate of heat supplied.
  4. Mar 25, 2013 #3
    Yes, that does make sense the more I think about it. Thanks.
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