# Refreshing gear ratio and total inertia

Suppose we've got the setup as shown in the figure (see attachment).
The idea is that the motor transfers its speed and force (rotary) to the actuator force and speed (linear) via some gears and a spindle.
Here:
J = inertia [kg m^2]
n = rotary to linear transmission [---]

If Im not mistaken, then the speed of the motor $$\phi_{motor}$$ is related to the speed of the actuator $$\phi_{actuator}$$ as follows:

$$\phi_{actuator} = \phi_{motor} \left( \frac{R_{motor}}{R_{spindle}} n_{actuator} \right)$$

The force of the actuator $$F_{actuator}$$ is related to the torque of the motor $$T_{motor}$$ as

$$F_{actuator} = T_{motor} \left( \frac{R_{spindle}}{R_{motor}} \frac{1}{n_{actuator}} \right)$$

And my main problem is the following: what is the total inertia $$J_{tot}$$ seen by motor? Is that

$$J_{tot} = J_{motor} + \frac{J_{spindle}}{ \left( \frac{R_{spindle}}{R_{motor}} \right)^2 }$$

or

$$J_{tot} = J_{motor} + \frac{J_{spindle}}{ \left( \frac{R_{spindle}}{R_{motor}} \frac{1}{n_{actuator}} \right)^2}$$

If someone could confirm/correct my formula, that would be very helpful.

Bob

#### Attachments

• question.pdf
14.9 KB · Views: 201
Last edited: