Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Region the light never reaches the 'uniformly-accelerated' observer?

  1. Mar 20, 2012 #1
    Is there a region that the light never reaches the 'uniformly accelerated' observer?

    Of course, light travels in the same direction the observer moves.

    It sounds weird for me...

    I derive the parameterization of t and x, and gets hyperbola.

    So I try to find with drawing that in the ST diagram, but I cannot see any clues for the reason why there exists such things...
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 20, 2012 #2

    HallsofIvy

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor

    I am not at all clear on what "region" you are talking about. Ignoring expansion of space itself, no observer can move faster than light with respect to any star so light from any star will eventually reach any observer.
     
  4. Mar 20, 2012 #3
    Oh, I find such region... It was very simple. If we draw the asymtotic line of the hyperbola that is the uniformly accelerated observer, then that line will meet with the x axis at a point. And the light emitted by the source behind that point, never reaches the observer forever because the world line of the light and the observer do not meet at all.

    I throw a question, and I answer it lol
     
  5. Mar 20, 2012 #4
    Not true. Have a look at the Minkoski chart in this post https://www.physicsforums.com/showpost.php?p=2858281&postcount=37 depicting accelerating observers in flat Minkowski space. Light emitted from the region to left of the diagonal dotted line will never catch up with the accelerating Rindler observers. The boundary of this region is known as the Rindler horizon and is an flat space analogue of the curved space Schwarzschild event horizon.
     
  6. Mar 20, 2012 #5

    pervect

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor

    Yes, there is a region of space-time a uniformly acceleratig observer cannot see. The boundary between the region he can see and can't see is called the Rindler horizon. It's rather similar to a black hole horizon in many respects.

    The Rindler horizon appears to be a constant distance behind the accelerating observer in his accelerated frame of reference (using the defintion of simultaneity of a co-moving inertial observer to create said frame of reference).
     
  7. Mar 20, 2012 #6

    Mentz114

    User Avatar
    Gold Member

    Here's a spacetime diagram of the accelerating observer A. A and L have synchronised clocks and L sends a light beam to A at the time the acceleration starts. If A drops a device C, then C intercepts the light beam fairly quickly. It seems strange that the horizons existence depends on acceleration, not velocity. The moment the acceleration stops the horizon disappears.
     

    Attached Files:

    Last edited: Mar 20, 2012
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook