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Sending UDP Packet

  1. Oct 22, 2005 #1
    All right, guys. The code below is supposed to send UDP packets over the ports 0 - 40. However, when I run it, it doesn't seem to send anything. I'm guessing it's one of two things: I'm missing some essential part of the code, or that something's wrong with the address. Anybody have any ideas?
    Code (Text):
    import java.net.*;
    import java.io.*;
    public class datagram
    {
    public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception
    {
    int i;
    byte[] buf = new byte[256];
    DatagramSocket socket;
    DatagramPacket packet;
    InetAddress address = InetAddress.getByName("localhost");
    for(i = 0; i <= 40; i++)
    {
    socket = new DatagramSocket(i);
    packet = new DatagramPacket(buf, buf.length, address, i);
    socket.send(packet);
    }
    }
    }
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 22, 2005 #2
    Don't use port numbers in the range 1-1024, because they are reserved by the operating system for other services. Couldn't you use bigger numbers, such as 5000?
     
  4. Oct 22, 2005 #3
    Wouldn't the packets be sent back or rejected anyway?
     
  5. Oct 22, 2005 #4
    the packets won't be sent back because udp is not a reliable protcol unlike tcp, there is no guarantee that the packet will be received.
     
  6. Oct 24, 2005 #5
    The behavior depends on the operating system, but it is guaranteed that those ports (i.e. 1-40) can't be accessed. By the way, port 0 doesn't exist.

    UDP is a best-effort protocol, meaning that the most is done to ensure (although not guarantee) a reliable delivery. In practice it is rare that UDP fails.
     
  7. Oct 24, 2005 #6
    Well according to RFC's it is reserved, in general networking port 0 is the same as a broadcast address in IP, if you code an app to use port 0 it will try to find the first available UDP port

    RFC
    Explanation of port 0

    becuase of this 'feature' many security experts recomend that port 0 is blocked
     
    Last edited: Oct 24, 2005
  8. Oct 25, 2005 #7
    I think I got it, guys. Thanks for the help. For one thing I was sending them to localhost. I don't think that would work well on sending packets. Also, I did change the port numbers (by the way, I was told to use ports 0 - 40) to 40 - 80 and it worked just fine. I still think the school's security had some problems with us sending out packets, but eventually we all got it to work. Thanks again!
     
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