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Homework Help: Sequence and covvergence

  1. Mar 24, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    If every subsequence of the sequence a_n converges to 0, prove that a_n itself converges to 0. Is the converse true? Prove it or give a counter example.


    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
    I can prove a sequence is convergent if it has a convergent subsequence. What about every sequence is convergent?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Mar 24, 2010 #2
    This is a similar reasoning to the proof that if xn converges to x, then all subsequences that converge do so to x. You can do this by considering subsequences xj and xk where j is odd and k is even.
     
  4. Mar 24, 2010 #3
    Look at the definition of convergence. The one I learned was that a_n converges to a number L if and only if given e > 0 there exists an N such that |a_n - L| < e for all n>N. Hint: use the triangle inequality:

    [tex]a_n - L = a_n + \underbrace{(- b_j + b_j - b_k + b_k)}_{=0} - L
    = (a_n - b_j) + (b_j - b_k) + (b_k - L)[/tex]

    which implies

    [tex]|a_n-L| \le |a_n - b_j| + |b_j - b_k| + |b_k - L|[/tex]

    If you consider the b_j and b_k as subsequences, you should be able to bound the right hand side using the definition of convergence.
     
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