Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Simulating weight through coils

  1. Oct 18, 2003 #1
    Hello everyone,
    I have a little practical question. I would like to create a weight of about 10kg-250kg. A software programm should be able to control the actual weight.

    Does anybody know a good physical way to do that? I thought of coils using Lorentz but I'm not quite shure.
    Any help is very appreciated. Even if just a little thought.

    Thank you very much.

    vidin
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 18, 2003 #2

    Integral

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    I have no idea of what you are talking about. Coils? Do you mean springs? Electrical coils?

    Create weight? please explain.
     
  4. Oct 18, 2003 #3
    I'm sorry. Probably I didn't explain very well. But let me give it another try:

    For a machine, I'm trying to create a construction which can "build up" weight dynamically.
    It's basically replacing a real weight with one I can control.
    How heavy the actual weight at a specified time is is then being controled through a software system.
    Please don't hesitate if there are still questions left.

    Thanks in advance.
     
  5. Oct 18, 2003 #4
    to change the weight of anything; you'd either have to change its mass, the mass of the earth, or the universal gravitational constant.
     
  6. Oct 18, 2003 #5

    Integral

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Perhaps you could use a pneumatic cylinder, or cylinders, with input from a digital controlled pressure regulator. Check out the
    Marsh-Bellofram products for regulators (I KNOW, from personal use, that they make one with good digital control up to ~170PSI.
    Look to Bimba or SMC for pneumatic cylinders
     
    Last edited: Oct 18, 2003
  7. Oct 18, 2003 #6
    Thanks for the apropriate answer. (Not like Fuego who just thinks he's funny).

    I will check it out!
     
  8. Oct 18, 2003 #7
    Well I think I'm on the right way to describe it right. Let me now describe my problem very precise:
    The module I need has a black box and a bar hanging outside. The user's task is now to pull the bar which should be about 1.5meters long. How strong it is to pull the bar depends on what the user set up on a computer system/user interface. So I have to control the force which is needed to pull the bar via software.
    That's it. That's my big problem which needs to be solved. But just how? I have no clue!!!

    Thank you very much for your help. I really appreciate it!!!

    vidin
     
  9. Oct 18, 2003 #8

    GENIERE

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor

    I can think of many ways to do it, but the easiest way I think would be…

    Attach your lever to a water tank. Use your software to control a pump to add or remove water to achieve the desired weight. Feedback to the software could come from a float in the water connected to a potentiometer as the height of water can be related to the weight.
     
  10. Oct 18, 2003 #9

    enigma

    User Avatar
    Staff Emeritus
    Science Advisor
    Gold Member

    Well, Fuego is right. It's a language issue as far as I can see.

    Weight is the force acting on an object due to gravity. You can't increase or decrease this without increasing the mass or moving the object up or down in the gravity field.

    Force is the word you wanted to use.
     
  11. Oct 19, 2003 #10
    The watertank idea doesn't work as it is too loud (shouldn't be heared at all when changing the force). But still thank you Geniere, I'd really love to hear your other ideas as I have none :smile:

    vidin
     
  12. Oct 20, 2003 #11
    I'm not too sure how accurately this can be controlled, but perhaps an electro magnet and plunger system could be controlled by varying input voltage ot amperage. I believe this could be computer controlled so that when more power is applied the magnet pulls harder on the plunger.

    I think it would have to be a plunger with a rod through the coil to keep some portion of each surface in contact through the entire motion or else you would get a hard to control spring like motion.
     
  13. Oct 20, 2003 #12
    @Artman: could you explain a little bit more? What kind of plunger system? It's hard for me because I actually speak German and don't know all the technical terms. A link or a description how it looks like or work would be awesome!
    Thanks a lot!!!
     
  14. Oct 20, 2003 #13
  15. Oct 20, 2003 #14

    GENIERE

    User Avatar
    Science Advisor

    I think Artmans concept could be made to work, but fabrication would be difficult and the current would be quite high to simulate many kilograms of weight.

    Perhaps a frictional device could do the job. I may be possible to get a set of disk brakes and a rotor from a motorcycle or automobile and adapt it to be actuated by a motor driven cam. I would use a stepper motor. I don't have an easy solution to provide feed back to the software, so calibration would have to be done often.

    As to my previous suggestion, the pump does not have to be located in the box and can be placed out of hearing range.

    It would be helpful to know the purpose of the device.
     
  16. Oct 21, 2003 #15
    This is a good idea. Sorry Integral, I didn't notice this response before.

    With proper use of levers, this could easily apply hundreds of pounds of simulated weight and control of pneumatic devices is fairly precise.
     
  17. Oct 22, 2003 #16
    Hi Artman&Integral,
    could you please explain a little bit more as I still don't really know how to put things together.

    vidin
     
  18. Oct 23, 2003 #17
    There are too many unkowns to design this instrument.

    1. What is the weight range? Hundreds of lbs, or just a few?

    2. What is the range of motion required?

    3. Should the apparent weight applied to the arm appear constant through the entire range of motion or can it change?

    4. How quickly does the system have to set?

    5. How quickly does it need to reset?

    6. How precise do the measurements need to be?

    7. What level of modulation is required for the weights? (How small do the increments need to be?)

    These are just a few of the questions. I would recommend that you do a little reading on pneumatics to see what they are capable of, and see if you think they can serve your idea.
     
  19. Oct 23, 2003 #18
    I will definately! Could you recommend me some books or any literature which would help me archiving that goal? Would be fantastic!

    To your questions:
    1. What is the weight range? Hundreds of lbs, or just a few?
    10kg - 250kg (see above)

    2. What is the range of motion required?
    1-2m (see above)

    3. Should the apparent weight applied to the arm appear constant through the entire range of motion or can it change?
    No, need to be changeable while pulling

    4. How quickly does the system have to set?
    Changing the force needed to pull should be done in seconds and less.

    5. How quickly does it need to reset?
    Instantly.

    6. How precise do the measurements need to be?
    about +/- 2kg would be good

    7. What level of modulation is required for the weights? (How small do the increments need to be?)
    5kg each step.

    Thanks for your help once again!

    vidin
     
  20. Oct 23, 2003 #19
    The sites that Integral posted in his response are a good starting point.

    Also do some reading on the physics of leverage, to figure out the best placement of the pnuematic devices in relation to the arm.
     
  21. Oct 23, 2003 #20
    I had another thought on this idea.

    How about a spring attached to one end of the bar and a fulcrum that can be moved to change how much force is required to pull the bar?
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?



Similar Discussions: Simulating weight through coils
  1. Magnetic simulation (Replies: 5)

  2. Weight Calculation (Replies: 11)

  3. Weight Sorter (Replies: 1)

  4. Blast Simulation (Replies: 2)

Loading...