# Solve in R

1. Jan 27, 2008

### santa

solve in R

$$(x^2+2)^{1/3}+(4x^2+3x-2)^{1/3}=(3x^2+x+5)^{1/3}+(2x^2+2x-5)^{1/3}$$

2. Jan 27, 2008

### EnumaElish

Any thoughts?

3. Jan 28, 2008

### VietDao29

You should notice that:
(x2 + 2) + (4x2 + 3x - 2) = (3x2 + x + 5) + (2x2 + 2x - 5) = 5x2 + 3x.

So, if you let: $$\alpha = x ^ 2 + 2$$
$$\beta = 3x ^ 2 + x + 5$$
and $$\gamma = 5x ^ 2 + 3x$$

Then, your original equation will becomes:

$$\sqrt[3]{\alpha} + \sqrt[3]{\gamma - \alpha} = \sqrt[3]{\beta} + \sqrt[3]{\gamma - \beta}$$

When $$\gamma = 0$$, both sides equal 0, so this is one obvious solution. You'll get 2 (of a toal 4) solutions when setting $$\gamma = 0$$, and solve for x.

On graphing it, I can see there are actually 4 solutions.. Not sure how you can obtain another 2 solutions.

4. Jan 28, 2008

it has got only one solution i.e 0

5. Jan 28, 2008

### CompuChip

Are you sure that
$$\sqrt[3]{\alpha} + \sqrt[3]{-\alpha} = \sqrt[3]{\alpha - \alpha} = 0$$

6. Jan 28, 2008

### VietDao29

We are working in the reals, aren't we?

Btw, it's not like that, since: $$\sqrt[3]{a} + \sqrt[3]{b} \neq \sqrt[3]{a + b}$$.

$$\sqrt[3]{\alpha} + \sqrt[3]{-\alpha} = \sqrt[3]{\alpha} - \sqrt[3]{\alpha} = 0$$[/QUOTE]

:)

7. Jan 28, 2008

### CompuChip

Yes, we are working in the reals, and the identity I gave obviously doesn't hold.. that's what confused me.
I still don't really get what you try to do. Setting $\gamma = 0$ means that
$$\gamma = 5 x^2 + 3 x = x(5 x + 3) = 0$$
so x = 0 or x = -3/5.
Taking x = 0 the formula becomes
$$\sqrt[3]{2} + \sqrt[3]{-2} = \sqrt[3]{5} + \sqrt[3]{-5}$$
which, numerically, is something like
$$1.89 + 1.09 i = 2.56 + 1.48 i$$

So it appears I didn't get what you were trying to say...

Instead, there appear to be two real (non-zero) solutions and two complex solutions (which we are not interested in). I have no idea how to find them though.

Last edited: Jan 28, 2008
8. Jan 28, 2008

### VietDao29

Well, no. We are not working in the complex. "i" belongs to the complex, not the reals. In the complex, $$\sqrt[3]{a}$$ has 3 different values (for a <> 0), so actually $$\sqrt[3]{a} + \sqrt[3]{b}$$ has at most 6 different values.

Whereas, in the reals, $$\sqrt[3]{a}$$ only has one value, i.e, the real number whose cubed is a.

E.g, we have: $$\sqrt[3]{8} + \sqrt[3]{-8} = 2 + (-2) = 0$$ (since (-2)3 = -8)

In general, we have: $$\sqrt[3]{-a} = -\sqrt[3]{a}$$.

Proof:

Let $$b = \sqrt[3]{a}$$, b is unique, since we are in the reals.
$$\Rightarrow b ^ 3 = a$$ (the definition of cube root)
$$\Rightarrow - b ^ 3 = -a$$ (take the additive inverse of both sides)
$$\Rightarrow (- b) ^ 3 = -a$$
$$\Rightarrow - b = \sqrt[3]{-a}$$ (again, the definition of cube root).
So we have $$\sqrt[3]{-a} = -\sqrt[3]{a}$$ (Q.E.D)

And so, that means:

$$\sqrt[3]{2} + \sqrt[3]{-2} = \sqrt[3]{2} - \sqrt[3]{2} = 0 = \sqrt[3]{5} + \sqrt[3]{-5}$$

Is everything clear now? :)

Last edited: Jan 28, 2008
9. Jan 29, 2008

### santa

good work but

let $$\sqrt[3]{x^2+2}=a, \ \sqrt[3]{4x^2+3x-2}=b, \ \sqrt[3]{3x^2+x+5}=c, \ \sqrt[3]{2x^2+2x-5}=d.$$

these may be help

10. Jan 29, 2008

### VietDao29

Then, how will you go from there??

11. Jan 29, 2008

### NateTG

$$\alpha=\beta$$
and
$$\gamma=\alpha + \beta$$

Are obviously solutions - no idea if that gets you anything.

Edit: Looks like those are all imaginary solutions.

Last edited: Jan 29, 2008
12. Jan 29, 2008

### VietDao29

Well, ya, why didn't I think of it before. Damn it. >.<

$$\alpha = \beta$$ will gives you 2 solutions in the complex, whereas $$\gamma = \alpha + \beta$$ will give you another 2 real solutions as wishes.

If you are allowed to graph, and then solve for x, then it's done. Woohoo. But if you are not allowed to graph :(, then you must first prove that it has at most 4 solutions, then point out all the 4 solutions.

But well, I think, in this problem, you are allowed to use graph.

13. Feb 5, 2008

### Rainbow Child

Let

$$\alpha=x^2+2,\,\beta=4x^2+3x-2\,\gamma=3x^2+x+5,\,\delta=2x^2+2x-5$$

with $\alpha\neq 0,\,\beta\neq 0,\,\gamma \neq 0,\delta\neq 0$ since the roots of these equations does not satisfy the original equation. Then

$$\alpha^{1/3}+\beta^{1/3}=\gamma^{1/3}+\delta^{1/3}\neq 0 \quad (1)$$ and
$$\alpha+\beta=\gamma+\delta \quad (2)$$

Raising (1) to the 3rd power

$$\alpha+3\,\alpha^{2/3}\,\beta^{1/3}+3\,\alpha^{1/3}\,\beta^{2/3}+\beta=\gamma+3\,\gamma^{2/3}\,\delta^{1/3}+3\,\gamma^{1/3}\,\delta^{2/3}+\delta\Rightarrow$$

$$3\,\alpha^{2/3}\,\beta^{1/3}+3\,\alpha^{1/3}\,\beta^{2/3}=3\,\gamma^{2/3}\,\delta^{1/3}+3\,\gamma^{1/3}\,\delta^{2/3}\Rightarrow \quad \text{from (2)}$$

$$\alpha^{1/3}\,\beta^{1/3}\,(\alpha^{1/3}+\beta^{1/3})=\gamma^{1/3}\,\delta^{1/3}\,(\gamma^{1/3}+\delta^{1/3})\Rightarrow$$

$$\alpha^{1/3}\,\beta^{1/3}=\gamma^{1/3}\,\delta^{1/3}\Rightarrow \quad \text{from (1)}$$

$$\alpha\,\beta=\gamma\,\delta \quad (3)$$

Thus we have to solve the system of (1), (2), (3) which is rather simple. From (3) we have

$$\frac{\alpha}{\gamma}=\frac{\delta}{\beta}=k$$

which makes (2)

$$(k-1)\,\gamma=(k-1)\,\beta$$

with $k\neq 1$ because leads to inconsistency the original equation. Thus $\gamma=\beta$ and from (2) $\alpha=\delta$, with the final answer

$$x=-1-2\,\sqrt{2},\, x=-1+2\,\sqrt{2}$$​

P.S. I hope this time the mentors would not delete this post, after the conversation we had about santa's threads.