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Solving trig equation Mathematica repeats results

  1. Jul 13, 2013 #1

    NigelTufnel

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    Gold Member

    I am new to Mathematica and I'm not sure if I'm using it properly but sometimes the output doesn't make sense to me. I Hope someone can help me understand or correct my usage.

    When solving trig equations Mathematica's Solve[] function gives the correct list of solutions but some of the solutions are repeated more than once. I present an example below.

    Given the simple trig equation:
    2 Sin[x]^2 + 3 Sin[x] + 1 == 0

    Find only those solutions that are in the interval zero to 2*Pi.

    There are only three solutions:
    (7 Pi)/6, (3 Pi)/2, and (11 Pi)/6

    Here is how I input the problem into Mathematica:
    Solve[{2 Sin[x]^2 + 3 Sin[x] + 1 == 0, 0 <= x <= 2 Pi}, x]

    Here is the output that Mathematica produces:
    {{x -> (7 Pi)/6}, {x -> (3 Pi)/2}, {x -> (3 Pi)/2}, {x -> (11 Pi)/6}}

    Notice that one of the solutions (3 Pi)/2 is repeated twice in the list of solutions. Why does it repeat this one solution. Why not repeat the others? Why repeat any of them? Am I doing something wrong?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 13, 2013 #2
    Mathematica considers it a double root. Compare with Solve[x^2 == 0, x].
     
  4. Jul 13, 2013 #3

    NigelTufnel

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    Gold Member

    Thank you very much Hypersphere. You have made me aware of my need to study the concept of multiplicity and multiple roots.
     
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