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Spacetime diagram for black hole

  1. May 11, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Consider a 2D spacetime with:
    ## ds^2 = g_{tt}dt^2 + g_{tx}(dtdx + dxdt)##
    where: ##g_{tt} = -x## and ##g_{tx}=3##

    Draw a spacetime diagram showing the null geodesics, including one which passes through the origin. Then show that for a massive object, when ##x## is positive, ##x## can increase or decrease as ##v## increases, but if ##x## is negative, it may only decrease.

    2. Relevant equations
    Null geodesic: ##ds^2 = 0##

    3. The attempt at a solution
    From the above equation, we get for a null geodesic:
    ## 0 = g_{tt}dt^2 + g_{tx}(dtdx + dxdt)##
    ## x dt^2 = 3(dtdx + dxdt)##
    ## x dt^2 = 6dtdx## (since dt can be positive or negative)
    ## x dt = \pm 6dx##
    ## dt/dx = \pm 6/x##
    ## t = \pm 6 ln(x)##

    and for x=0, we have an infinite slope, i.e. a straight vertical line through the origin. I'm not sure if this is right but it would give a spacetime diagram like this:

    http://imgur.com/EgjKZSM
    http://imgur.com/EgjKZSM

    Where the null geodesics represent the path light will take. But even if this diagram is right, I'm not sure how to show the next part of the question regarding the massive object.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 11, 2016 #2

    DaveC426913

    User Avatar
    Gold Member

    Rococo: Provide the URL for the actual PNG to get it to show up as an image:
    EgjKZSM.png
     
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