System of differential equations Basic question

  • #1

Main Question or Discussion Point

So I ran into an case I have not seen before. Say we have a system of 3 equations such that W´=AW, where W=(x(t),y(t),z(t)) and A is a 3x3 matrix. The way I usually approach these is by finding the eigenvalues of A to then find the eigenvectors and thus find the ¨homogenous¨ solution. What happens when the eigenvector I am looking for, given by a eigenvalue, is the null vector?

An example where this happens: A=(-1,0,1//2,-1,1//0,0,-1)
 
Last edited:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
33,286
4,990
So I ran into an case I have not seen before. Say we have a system of 3 equations such that W´=AW, where W=(x(t),y(t),z(t)) and A is a 3x3 matrix. The way I usually approach these is by finding the eigenvalues of A to then find the eigenvectors and thus find the ¨homogenous¨ solution. What happens when the eigenvector I am looking for, given by a eigenvalue, is the null vector?

An example where this happens: A=(-1,0,1//2,-1,1//0,0,-1)
By definition, an eigenvector can't be the zero vector.
For the matrix you show, I get repeated eigenvalues of ##\lambda = -1##, but the associated eigenvector is not the zero vector.
 
  • #3
Yes I am aware of that. That is why Iam curious to how you solve it using another method since mine is not working(giving me null eigenvectors).
 
  • #4
33,286
4,990
Yes I am aware of that. That is why Iam curious to how you solve it using another method since mine is not working(giving me null eigenvectors).
I would be curious to see your work. As already mentioned, for the matrix you showed, there is only one eigenvalue (repeated), and its eigenvector is not the zero vector.

There is a technique called generalized eigenvalues that can sometimes be used to get eigenvectors in cases like the one here. Do a web search for "generalized eigenvalues".
 

Related Threads on System of differential equations Basic question

Replies
2
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
4K
Replies
2
Views
1K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
735
Replies
2
Views
1K
Replies
2
Views
797
Replies
1
Views
1K
Replies
1
Views
2K
Top