Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of a gas?

  • #1
Avanthica
14
1
Why do they say temperature is a measure of average kinetic energy how is this possible. how can we take it is it applicable for all types of gases?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
BvU
Science Advisor
Homework Helper
15,267
4,244
how can we take it is it applicable for all types of gases?
Apparently all types of gases behave very similarly -- almost like an ideal gas .

For such an ideal gas one can derive velocity distributions ##\Rightarrow## kinetic energy distributions that have a parameter ##T##. And that parameter ##T## we call the temperature.
 
  • #3
33,679
11,244
Why do they say temperature is a measure of average kinetic energy how is this possible. how can we take it is it applicable for all types of gases?
It is not applicable for all types of gasses. It is only applicable for ideal monoatomic gasses. For other gasses thermal energy involves other forms of internal energy
 
  • Like
Likes Lnewqban and Avanthica
  • #4
Avanthica
14
1
other forms of internal energy
What are the other forms of internal energy taken here?
 
  • #5
33,679
11,244
What are the other forms of internal energy taken here?
Rotational, vibrational, electronic, etc.
 

Suggested for: Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of a gas?

Replies
17
Views
702
Replies
10
Views
538
Replies
7
Views
290
Replies
6
Views
413
Replies
16
Views
599
Replies
5
Views
20K
  • Last Post
Replies
30
Views
867
Replies
6
Views
355
Top