The definition of mainvectors

1. May 9, 2005

yeus

When there is a difference between algebraic and geometric multiplicity of eigenvalues mainvectors are used to handle that difference. Mainvectors are defined as the solution v of the equation: (A-lambda*E)^k*v=0 where k is the multiplicity of the eigenvalue lambda. Now my question is: Why are you using the k-th power of the definition of an eigenvector to search for a mainvector? how do you get from the fact that there is a difference between alge./geom. mult. to that equation? thx for answers

(I apologize for not knowing that many mathematical expressions in english. but I hope you guys understand my problem)

Last edited: May 9, 2005
2. May 15, 2005

yeus

so sad.... noone wants to answer my question ;) please guys

3. May 15, 2005

matt grime

Perhaps I can exlpain why there have been no answers:

google for "mainvector" and see how many hits you get, or at least how many are to do with mathematics.

One confusing point is that you say this is to do with the diffence between algebraic and geometric mutliplicites but then state k is "the multiplicity". Well, whcih is it? Algebraic or geometric?

Why not run through it with the example of the matrix

11
01

so that the algebraic multiplicity of the eigenvalue 1 is 2 but its geometric multiplicty is 1.

Should k be one or two?

I think you may need the word principal instead of main, and that what you're getting at is the difference between an eigenspace and a generalized eigenspace.

If A is a liner map and t an eigen value, then an eigenvector is a nonzero vector such that (A-t)v=0. Sometimes we can find a basis of eigenvectrs, but usually not. The next best thing we can do is, instead of diagonalizing the matrix, put it into Jordan Form, say by choosing a break down of the vector space into *generalized eigenspaces*, that is a set of vectors such that (A-t)^k vanishes on it for some k. We can then write V is a direct sum of subspaces where A acts as

t10000....
0t1000....
00t100....
000t10....
.
.
.

Last edited: May 15, 2005
4. May 20, 2005

yeus

well.. first of all thx for you answer... it helped me a bit, but the thing in the qotation marks, -thats exactly the part that i don't understand- why can you find a basis of eigenvecotrs in the generalized eigenspace? I may have a bug in my brain regarding to this forgive me ;)

Share this great discussion with others via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook