I feel frustrated with the direction of flow of electrons in battery, external circuit and conductor. 1. Inside a conductor which is connected to a battery, an electric field is built up inside it. As we know electric field line starts from positive ions to negative ions. Positive ions with flow under columbic force. But electrons will flow in opposite direction. So, electrons will flow from lower potential to higher potential, is it? If yes, where does the energy comes from? 2. Can we say that a battery is a chemical cell? If yes, that means electrons will flow from negative pole to positive pole(from higher potential to lower potential).But I read some of the physics reference books, it stated that electrons flow from lower potential to higher potentail?Which one is correct? The concept is so abstract 3. When the electrons is forced out of the battery, it will flow from -ve to +ve(higher to lowerV) . Again, what’s the energy in moving the electron? p.s. Actually I don't know why -ve pole is of lower potential and +ve pole is of higher potential? Is it random taking or because there is more electrons in the negative pole and so it is of lower potential? I found that some of the reference books states that the pole with more positive ions is of higher potential are it correct? Pp.s.from my point of view, that’s when I took chemical cell as a battery. It seems that electrons in the battery and in the external circuit flow in different direction, is it correct? Sorry for asking such stupid questions Hope hears from your answers soon!!!!!