Thermionic generators

  1. Why is the efficiency of generators working on thermionic emmission and the generators working on the seebeck effect (thermoelectric) so low?
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Astronuc

    Staff: Mentor

    I believe it is related to the fact that the potential difference is low for a given temperature difference, and perhaps current leakage also limits the current.

    You might wish to look at this paper - http://www.humphrey.id.au/papers/JAP2005.pdf
     
    Last edited: Dec 23, 2005
  4. I alway thought it was heat loss. In thermoelectric devices, since the voltage is so low, you need low impedance to get lots of current. To get low impedance, you have to place the junctions close together and the material connecting the junctions wastes a lot of heat by conduction between the juncitons.

    With thermionic devices, they radiate lots of heat. If you insulated them enough to catch most of the heat, the collecting electrode would get hot and become an emitter, itself, counteracting the emitting electrode.---I think.
     
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