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Time to achieve specific heat transfer for fluid flowing in a pipe

  1. Jun 18, 2013 #1
    I am currently in the process of designing a section of pipe in which a fluid will flow within, and would like to determine the specific heat transfer which may occur once the fluid enters the pipe, until it exits. The fluid will be flowing at a constant velocity "V" at a Temperature "T1" at the entrance of a pipe with length "L".

    In other terms, I want to find the length of pipe it would take for a fluid to be heated to a certain temperature when it is being passed through a pipe which is placed in specified external conditions.
    I think this must be done by deriving a differential equation which includes convective and conductive heat resistance terms both in radial and axial coordinate systems. The differential equation must then be solved in order to calulate the time the fluid must spend in the pipe, and from there calculate the length of pipe required using the selecting fluid flow velocity in the pipe.
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 26, 2013 #2
  4. Jul 2, 2013 #3
    Lienhard & Lienhard - A Heat Transfer Textbook, 4th Edition:


    The easiest way to proceed is to assume either 'fixed wall temperature' or 'fixed wall heat flux', whichever is more appropriate. Then, the heat equation give a nice solution for the final temperature
  5. Jul 2, 2013 #4
    Hi MoeHij. Welcome to physics forums.

    See Bird, Stewart, and Lightfoot, Transport Phenomena. They show how to set up and solve such problems for laminar flow, with and without viscous heating being significant. They also show how to handle the problem of heat transfer in a pipe when the flow is turbulent (high Reynolds number).

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