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I am currently reading about the triangle inequality, from this article

http://people.sju.edu/~pklingsb/cs.triang.pdf

I am curious, how does the equality transform into an inequality? Does it take on this change because one takes the absolute value of 2uv? Because before the absolute value, 2uv could be a negative value, thus making all of |u|^2 + 2uv + |v|^2 smaller, is this correct?