Wavelength of sound and windspeed

  • Thread starter nil1996
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Main Question or Discussion Point

Both source and observer are at rest. If the wind blows from source to observer will the wind affect the wavelength of sound??
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Simon Bridge
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Excellent question: how are attempting to answer it so far?
 
  • #3
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i am thinking like if the wind speed is u and sound speed is v then the observer will notice that the sound is at speed v+u. Wave length is the distance between two compressions. The wind is moving the whole medium with the speed u. So i think there will be no change in wavelength as the successive compressions will be both moving at an additional speed u. Is that right??
 
  • #4
Simon Bridge
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I think the issue here is what we are comparing the wavelength to.
The wavelength without the wind perhaps?
And with respect to whome?

So the source makes compressions and rarifactions with period T.
The wind whips them away ... so instead of moving at speed c, they move at speed c+v.
 
  • #5
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oh,got it so the wavelength should be (v+c)/f
f = frequency
 
  • #6
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The wind takes the first compression made by the source further by c*T before the second compression is released.Right??
 
  • #7
Simon Bridge
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That's what I figured - but it's your work.

What if the air was still but both source and detector were moving?
 

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