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What branches of mathematics are used to create this pattern?

  1. Jul 8, 2014 #1
    This is my first post. Please pardon me if I am breaking any forum rules.
    While going through Wikipedia I came across this image.
    How is this image created?I mean what equations are generally used creating this charts?
    What mathematics knowledge would I require to comprehend this pattern or the equations.?
    Please Help.
    Jit
     

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  2. jcsd
  3. Jul 8, 2014 #2

    Demystifier

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    Science Advisor

    I think the corresponding branch of mathematics is the theory of groups and their representations.
     
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