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What is the difference between a Cartesian Product and a Direct Sum

  1. Sep 12, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    17. Let U = f(x; y; 0) : x 2 R; y 2 Rg, E1 = f(x; 0; 0) : x 2 Rg, and E3 = f(0; 0; x) :
    x 2 Rg: Are the following assertions true or false? Explain.
    (a) U + E1 is a subspace of R3:
    (b) U  E1 is a direct sum decomposition of U + E1:
    (c) U  E3 is a direct sum decomposition of R3:

    2. Relevant equations

    3. The attempt at a solution

    I really need to know, from what my teacher told us about it, it seems like a Cartesian Product is adding dimensionality to two sets and that a Direct Sum is just adding every possible vector combination from two vector spaces together. But I really don't know
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 14, 2010 #2
    Set A and B

    Cartesian product
    [tex]A\timesB=\left\{(a,b)|a \in A,\ b \in B\right\}[/tex]

    Direct Sum

    [tex]A+B=\left\{a+b|a \in A,\ b \in B\right\}[/tex]

    something like that ;P
  4. Sep 14, 2010 #3
    No, that's just an addition of subspaces, I'm talking about the "direct sum" its the little circle with the plus sign in it, I think its like a partisan cross product, but with vector spaces... I think
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