I know that at the inception of universal public schooling in America in the 19th century, the public schools were closed during the summer so that the students could help their parents harvest crops. I don't think that it was foolish for the schools to be closed during the summers for this purpose in the 19th century. However, I don't understand while American schools are still keeping this tradition of being closed during the summers in the 21st century. How many students in public schools nowadays need to be out of school during the summer to help their families harvest crops? I think that the answer is well under one percent. It seems to me that there is not much purpose in keeping this tradition. Studies have shown that children being educated more does raise IQ slightly. Furthermore, more education also improves academic achievement. Shouldn't we abandon the tradition of public schools being closed during the summertime?