1. Limited time only! Sign up for a free 30min personal tutor trial with Chegg Tutors
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Join Physics Forums Today!
The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

Where is the net electric field zero?

  1. Sep 15, 2016 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Particle 1 of charge +4.0 μC and particle 2 of charge +1.0 μC are held at separation L=10.0 cm on an x axis. Particle 3 of unknown charge q3 is to be located such that the net electrostatic force on it from particles 1 and 2 is zero.
    In the included figure, particle 1 is located at the origin and particle 2 is located 10 cm to the left on the x axis.
    2. Relevant equations
    E=kq/|r|2 * r hat
    Enet=E1+E1
    F=E*q
    3. The attempt at a solution
    I thought that if the net electrostatic force is zero, then Enet must be zero. So the two electric fields created by particle 1 and particle 2 must cancel each other other. Following that thought:
    E1=q1*k/|r1|2 * r1 hat
    E2=q1*k/|r2|2 * r1 hat

    r1 = robservation - rq1
    r1 = <x,0,0>
    |r1|=x
    r1 hat= <1,0,0>

    r2=robservation - rq2
    r2=<x-0.10,0,0> m
    |r2|=x-0.10
    r2 hat = <1,0,0>

    Enet=E1+E2
    0=E1+E2
    E1=-E2
    k*q1*r1 hat/x2 = k*q2*r2hat/(x2-0.20x+0.01)
    After simplifying:
    x=[(-q2/q1)-0.01]/-0.20
    x=1.3 m

    However this answer does not solve the problem or make sense. I was thinking that in order for the two electric fields to cancel each other out, the third particle should be placed in between the two particles, closer to the more weakly charged. I've played around with these equations several times and still can't figure it out. Thank you in advance for any help, and I apologize for any formatting errors.
     
    Last edited: Sep 15, 2016
  2. jcsd
  3. Sep 15, 2016 #2

    Doc Al

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    Of course.

    I think you're messing things up by trying to put the coordinates in the equations. Instead, let x be the distance from particle 2 and thus .1 - x is the distance from particle 1. Set up a simple equation so that the field magnitudes are equal and solve for x. (You can always translate that to the coordinate later.)
     
  4. Sep 15, 2016 #3
    Ohhhh, that makes much more sense.
    Thank you!
     
Know someone interested in this topic? Share this thread via Reddit, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook

Have something to add?
Draft saved Draft deleted



Similar Discussions: Where is the net electric field zero?
Loading...