- #1

petergreen

- 25

- 2

**Two Coasting Universe model and comparison of the ΛCDM as well as Rh = ct models with Ia supernovae, GMB and CMB events. Both theory lead to the same result and fundamentals.**

*[Journal references below]*

First model:

**Rh = ct universe**

"The backbone of standard cosmology is the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker solution to Einstein’s equations of general relativity (GR). In recent years, observations have largely confirmed many of the properties of this model, which is based on a partitioning of the universe’s energy density into three primary constituents: matter, radiation, and a hypothesized dark energy which, in ΛCDM, is assumed to be a cosmological constant Λ. Yet with this progress, several unpalatable coincidences (perhaps even inconsistencies) have emerged along with the successful confirmation of expected features. One of these is the observed equality of our gravitational horizon Rh(t0) with the distance ct0 light has traveled since the big bang, in terms of the current age t0 of the universe. This equality is very peculiar because it need not have occurred at all and, if it did, should only have happened once (right now) in the context of ΛCDM. In this paper, we propose an explantion for why this equality may actually be required by GR, through the application of Birkhoff’s theorem and the Weyl postulate, at least in the case of a flat spacetime. If this proposal is correct, Rh(t) should be equal to ct for all cosmic time t, not just its present value t0. Therefore models such as ΛCDM would be incomplete because they ascribe the cosmic expansion to variable conditions not consistent with this relativistic constraint. We show that this may be the reason why the observed galaxy correlation function is not consistent with the predictions of the standard model. We suggest that an Rh = ct universe is easily distinguishable from all other models at large redshift (i.e., in the early universe), where the latter all predict a rapid deceleration."

The R

_{h}= ct Universe

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1109.5189.pdf

Fitting the Union2.1 SN Sample with the R

_{h}= ct Universe

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1206.6289.pdf

The R

_{h}= ct Universe Without Inflation

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1206.6527.pdf

Angular Correlation of the CMB in the R

_{h}= ct Universe

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1207.0015.pdf

High-Z Quasars in the R

_{h}= ct Universe

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1301.0017.pdf

The Gamma-Ray Burst Hubble Diagram and Its Cosmological Implications

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1301.0894.pdf

*[Journal refs.: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (MNRAS) & Astronomical Journal - IOP Science]*

Second model:

**The model of a flat (Euclidean) expansive homogeneous and isotropic relativistic universe in the light of the general relativity, quantum mechanics, and observations**

"Assuming that the relativistic universe is homogeneous and isotropic, we can unambiguously determine its model and physical properties, which correspond with the Einstein general theory of relativity (and with its two special partial solutions: Einstein special theory of relativity and Newton gravitation theory), quantum mechanics, and observations, too."

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1301.0894.pdf

*[Journal ref.: Astrophysics and Space Science]*

**The two theory fundamentals:**

http://www.weebly.com/uploads/1/5/3/4/15349588/img3.gif

Last edited by a moderator: