Angular velocity of cylinder

  • Thread starter tebes
  • Start date
  • #1
39
0

Homework Statement


A uniform cylinder of radius 12 cm and mass 25 kg is mounted so as to rotate freely about a horizontal axis that is parallel to and 6.6 cm from the central longitudinal axis of the cylinder.
If the cylinder is released from rest with its central longitudinal axis at the same height as the axis about which the cylinder rotates, what is the angular speed of the cylinder as it passes through its lowest position?

Homework Equations





The Attempt at a Solution


I'm using conservation of energy..
1/2 Iw^2= mgh
1/4 (r^2)(w^2) = gh
Then, solve for w
And i got 13.40 rad/s
But the answer is not correct.
Can someone point out my mistake. Thank you.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
34
0
You must apply parallel-axis theorem to find the moment of inertia (since the axis doesn't pass through the center of mass). Take in account the displacement of the center of mass and the rotational and translational kinetic energies when applying conservation of energy. Remember this equation: vCM = R*angular speed (vCM = speed of the center of mass). :)
 
  • #3
39
0
You must apply parallel-axis theorem to find the moment of inertia (since the axis doesn't pass through the center of mass). Take in account the displacement of the center of mass and the rotational and translational kinetic energies when applying conservation of energy. Remember this equation: vCM = R*angular speed (vCM = speed of the center of mass). :)

I found moment of inertia using parallel-axis theorem.
Then, I used the conservation of energy to solve for angular velocity.
But I still got it wrong.

I = Icom + MH^2
solve for I.
Then,
1/2 mv^2 + 1/2 Iw^2 = mgh
m(wr)^2 + Iw^2 = 2mgh
w^2 = ( 2mgh) / ( I + mr^2)
w = [( 2mgh) / ( I + mr^2)]^2

Maybe I missed something.
 
  • #4
34
0
Try to ignore translation. It seems that there is just a rotation, since the axis doesn't move.
 
  • #5
39
0
Try to ignore translation. It seems that there is just a rotation, since the axis doesn't move.

ok . i ll try it.
 
  • #6
39
0
ok . i ll try it.

You are right. We need to exclude the translation.
 
  • #7
584
0
1/2mω^2=[itex]_{M}Δ[/itex]P
 

Related Threads on Angular velocity of cylinder

  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
3K
Replies
3
Views
10K
Replies
1
Views
447
Replies
16
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
5K
  • Last Post
Replies
6
Views
7K
  • Last Post
Replies
4
Views
11K
  • Last Post
Replies
3
Views
2K
Replies
2
Views
1K
Top