1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data Newton’s law of cooling states that the rate of change of temperature of an object is proportional to the difference between the temperature, T, of the object and that of its surroundings, Ts. Derive the solution T(t) = Ts + (T0 − Ts) e−kt, where T0 is the temperature at t = 0 and k is a constant whose meaning should be identified. The corpse was found in an air-conditioned room. The forensic scientist measured the body temperature of the victim at 2am and found it to be 25C; by 3am it had fallen to 21C. The temperature of a living body is 37C and the temperature of the room was 19C. At what time did the murder take place? (Hints: measure time from the time of death, td; write down equations for the body temperature at 2am & 3 am.) 2. Relevant equations for y' + ay = b y=b/a + Ce-ax 3. The attempt at a solution Almost at a complete loss on this one. for the first part of this question i have T' =k(T - Ts) T'/k = T-Ts T'/k - T = -Ts so using y=b/a + Ce-ax for y'+ay=b T= Ts + Cekt I'm not sure this is correct since I'm missing a negative sign before the k in the exponential. also what is k? I know its some kind of proportionality constant but what name does it have? I'm also not sure how to show that C = (T0-Ts). for the second part i have 25=19+Ce-kt1 21=19+Ce-kt2 Ce-kt1=6 Ce-kt2=2 dividing one by the other gives 3=e-k(t2-t1) -- t2-t1=1hr also 37=19+Ce-kt0 Ce-kt0=18 dividing this by Ce-kt1=6 gives e-k(t1-t0)=3 where t0 is the time of death. since e-k(t1-t0)=e-k(t2-t1)=3 t1-t0 must = t2-t1 = 1hr therefore the murder must have taken place one hour before the first temperature reading was taken at 2am. so the murder must have taken place at 1am. this seems correct to me but my lecturer seems to think it took place at 12am. Can anyone see where i might have gone wrong or is this one of those rare occasions when the lecturer is incorrect?