# Calculation Based on Yield strength and Ultimate strength

1. Feb 22, 2013

### shinoysivan

Hello Gurus,
I am new to mechanical design calculations.

Since I have came across one interesting fact there are two methods using for finding the shear capacity of the components. Yield Strength and Ultimate strength.
Shear yeild strength=1/√3* Yield strength
Ultimate shear strength= .75 of of Ultimate strength
Up on these shear capcacity calculations are made.

What is the signficance of the using two methods for the design calculations? Either one is enough?

2. Feb 22, 2013

### pongo38

The first is (the limit of) elastic behaviour and helps you decide what to do at working loads. But it says nothing about safety. The second tells you about safety but nothing about working load behaviour.

3. Feb 25, 2013

### shinoysivan

Pongo,

can you be little elaborate?

I assumed that mutliplying the yield and ultimate strength with 0.577 and 0.75 respectively are matters of saftey.

I also believed that considering yield strength is for safty purpose, as it never consider plastic region in the calculation part.

Regards
S~

4. Feb 25, 2013

### afreiden

The .577 is not a safety factor.
The .75 on the other hand, is probably a safety factor.

5. Feb 25, 2013

### jehake12

Shear yield strength:

At the onset of yielding, the magnitude of the shear stress in pure shear is 3^0.5 times lower than the tensile stress in the case of simple tension.

When something fails in yielding, the result is plastic deformation of the part.