- #1

Site

- 26

- 0

As a definition of integrable I'm using the one provided by Spivak: f is integrable on [a,b] if and only if for every e>0 there is a partition P of [a,b] such that U(f,P)-L(f,P)<e, where U denotes an upper sum and L denotes a lower sum.

Here is what I think is a proof, but which probably contains some error:

Since f is continuous at a point p, there is some s'>0 such that for every point x, if |x-p|< s' then | f(x) - f(p) | < e/2 for arbitrary e>0. Denote s=min(s', 1). Choose points a and b such that (p-s) < a < p < b < (p+s) Let a be a point with a<p and and p-a<s. Let b be a point with b>p and b-p<s.

For our partition P, we can use P={a,b}.

Clearly, L(f,P) > s ( f(p) - e/2 ) and U(f,P) < s ( f(p) + e/2 ).

So U(f,P)-L(f,P) < s*e < e.

Thus f is integrable on [a,b].

If this proof works, then it provides an easy way of proving that continuity implies integrability on an interval [a,b]. You just examine

z = sup {x: a≤x≤b and f is continuous on [a,x] }. Since f is also continuous at z, there is some interval around z [p,q] which is integrable. Since [a,p] is integrable and so is [p,q], [a,q] is integrable, which contradicts the fact that z is the least upper bound. Thus z=b.