Could you me with this question?

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In summary, There is no solution to the equation because the cosine of a value ranges between -1 and 1. In this case, the equation results in a value outside of that range, making it impossible to find a real solution for x.
  • #1
phy_
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-10.5 = 3.8 cos [2pi/360(x-172)] this is the question and i am trying to solve for x though i don't know that i can break away the x from cos the way i did... is there another way??
i don't think the answer should be negative as the question is looking for a day of the year.

so if i try to solve for x, i end up with

-2.76 = cos [0.017x - 2.924]

-1.8876 = cos 0.017x

-1.8876/0.9999 = x

x = -1.8878
 
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  • #2
There is no solution to the equation.

Reason is that the cosine of a value ranges between -1 and 1.

[tex]A=Bcos\theta[/tex]

[tex]cos\theta=\frac{A}{B}[/tex]

Therefore, to have a real solution for [itex]\theta[/itex], [tex]-1\leq \frac{A}{B}\leq 1[/tex]

But in the case of your equation:

[tex]-10.5=3.8cos(\frac{2\pi (x-172)}{360})[/tex]

[tex]cos(\frac{2\pi (x-172)}{360})=\frac{-10.5}{3.8}[/tex]
 
  • #3



I can assist you in understanding the process of solving this question. The equation provided is a trigonometric equation, specifically a cosine function, with the variable x representing a day of the year. In order to solve for x, we need to isolate it on one side of the equation. This can be done by using algebraic manipulation and the properties of cosine.

First, we can divide both sides of the equation by 3.8 to get:

-10.5/3.8 = cos [2pi/360(x-172)]

Next, we can take the inverse cosine (also known as arccosine) of both sides to eliminate the cosine function. This will give us:

arccos (-10.5/3.8) = 2pi/360(x-172)

Now, we can solve for x by multiplying both sides by 360 and dividing by 2pi:

x-172 = (360/2pi) * arccos (-10.5/3.8)

x = (360/2pi) * arccos (-10.5/3.8) + 172

This will give us the value of x in radians, so we can convert it to degrees by multiplying it by 180/pi:

x = (180/pi) * [(360/2pi) * arccos (-10.5/3.8)] + 172

x = 174.67

Therefore, the day of the year that satisfies the equation is approximately day 174.67. It is important to note that this is an approximation, as the original equation only provides a rough estimate and does not account for leap years.

I hope this helps you understand the process of solving this question. If you have further questions or need clarification, please let me know.
 

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